UXL Encyclopedia of Science by Rob Nagel


6456ce5c89f0537.jpeg Author Rob Nagel
Isbn 9780787617165
File size 40 Mb
Year 2001
Pages 2131
Language English
File format PDF
Category encyclopedia and dictionary



 

3/4/04 8:53 PM Page 1 Free ebooks ==> EoS-ttlpgs1 7/30c.qx4 S e c o n d V o l u m e s Rob Nagel, Editor ■ E d i t i o n 1 - 1 0 Rob Nagel, Editor Staff Elizabeth Shaw Grunow, U•X•L Editor Julie Carnagie, Contributing Editor Carol DeKane Nagel, U•X•L Managing Editor Thomas L. Romig, U•X•L Publisher Shalice Shah-Caldwell, Permissions Associate (Pictures) Robyn Young, Imaging and Multimedia Content Editor Rita Wimberley, Senior Buyer Pamela A. E. Galbreath, Senior Art Designer Michelle Cadorée, Indexing GGS Information Services, Typesetting On the front cover: Nikola Tesla with one of his generators, reproduced by permission of the Granger Collection. On the back cover: The flow of red blood cells through blood vessels, reproduced by permission of Phototake. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data U-X-L encyclopedia of science.—2nd ed. / Rob Nagel, editor p.cm. Includes bibliographical references and indexes. Contents: v.1. A-As — v.2. At-Car — v.3. Cat-Cy — v.4. D-Em — v.5. En-G — v.6. H-Mar — v.7. Mas-O — v.8. P-Ra — v.9. Re-St — v.10. Su-Z. Summary: Includes 600 topics in the life, earth, and physical sciences as well as in engineering, technology, math, environmental science, and psychology. ISBN 0-7876-5432-9 (set : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5433-7 (v.1 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5434-5 (v.2 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5435-3 (v.3 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5436-1 (v.4 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5437-X (v.5 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5438-8 (v.6 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5439-6 (v.7 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5440-X (v.8 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5441-8 (v.9 : acid-free paper) — ISBN 0-7876-5775-1 (v.10 : acid-free paper) 1. Science-Encyclopedias, Juvenile. 2. Technology-Encyclopedias, Juvenile. [1. Science-Encyclopedias. 2. Technology-Encyclopedias.] I. Title: UXL encyclopedia of science. II. Nagel, Rob. Q121.U18 2001 503-dc21 2001035562 This publication is a creative work fully protected by all applicable copyright laws, as well as by misappropriation, trade secret, unfair competition, and other applicable laws. The editors of this work have added value to the underlying factual material herein through one or more of the following: unique and original selection, coordination, expression, arrangement, and classification of the information. All rights to this publication will be vigorously defended. Copyright © 2002 U•X•L, an imprint of The Gale Group All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Reader‘s Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Entries by Scientific Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix Volume 1: A-As . . . . . . . . Where to Learn More . Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 2: At-Car . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211 Where to Learn More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 3: Cat-Cy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413 Where to Learn More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 4: D-Em . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611 Where to Learn More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 5: En-G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 793 Where to Learn More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 6: H-Mar . . . . . . . Where to Learn More Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1027 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 7: Mas-O . . . . . . . Where to Learn More Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1235 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition v Contents Volume 8: P-Ra . . . . . . . . Where to Learn More Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1457 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 9: Re-St . . . . . . . Where to Learn More Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1647 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv Volume 10: Su-Z . . . . . . . Where to Learn More Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1829 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xxxv v i U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition Demystify scientific theories, controversies, discoveries, and phenomena with the U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, Second Edition. This alphabetically organized ten-volume set opens up the entire world of science in clear, nontechnical language. More than 600 entries— an increase of more than 10 percent from the first edition—provide fascinating facts covering the entire spectrum of science. This second edition features more than 50 new entries and more than 100 updated entries. These informative essays range from 250 to 2,500 words, many of which include helpful sidebar boxes that highlight fascinating facts and phenomena. Topics profiled are related to the physical, life, and earth sciences, as well as to math, psychology, engineering, technology, and the environment. In addition to solid information, the Encyclopedia also provides these features: ● “Words to Know” boxes that define commonly used terms ● Extensive cross references that lead directly to related entries ● A table of contents by scientific field that organizes the entries ● More than 600 color and black-and-white photos and technical drawings ● Sources for further study, including books, magazines, and Web sites Each volume concludes with a cumulative subject index, making it easy to locate quickly the theories, people, objects, and inventions discussed throughout the U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, Second Edition. U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition v i i Reader’s Guide Suggestions We welcome any comments on this work and suggestions for entries to feature in future editions of U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science. Please write: Editors, U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, U•X•L, Gale Group, 27500 Drake Road, Farmington Hills, Michigan, 48331-3535; call toll-free: 800-877-4253; fax to: 248-699-8097; or send an e-mail via www.galegroup.com. v i i i U•X•L Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition Boldface indicates volume numbers. Acoustics Acoustics Compact disc Diffraction Echolocation Magnetic recording/ audiocassette Sonar Ultrasonics Video recording 1:17 3:531 4:648 4:720 6:1209 9:1770 10:1941 10:1968 Aerodynamics Aerodynamics Fluid dynamics 1:39 5:882 Aeronautical engineering Aircraft Atmosphere observation Balloon Jet engine Rockets and missiles 1:74 2:215 1:261 6:1143 9:1693 Rockets and missiles 9:1693 Satellite 9:1707 Spacecraft, manned 9:1777 Space probe 9:1783 Space station, international 9:1788 Telescope 10:1869 Agriculture Agriculture 1:62 Agrochemical 1:65 Aquaculture 1:166 Biotechnology 2:309 Cotton 3:577 Crops 3:582 DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) 4:619 Drift net 4:680 Forestry 5:901 Genetic engineering 5:973 Organic farming 7:1431 Slash-and-burn agriculture 9:1743 Soil 9:1758 Aerospace engineering Anatomy and physiology International Ultraviolet Explorer Anatomy Blood U•X•L Encyclopedia 6:1120 of Science, 2nd Edition 1:138 2:326 i x Entries by Scientific Field Brain 2:337 Cholesterol 3:469 Chromosome 3:472 Circulatory system 3:480 Digestive system 4:653 Ear 4:693 Endocrine system 5:796 Excretory system 5:839 Eye 5:848 Heart 6:1037 Human Genome Project 6:1060 Immune system 6:1082 Integumentary system 6:1109 Lymphatic system 6:1198 Muscular system 7:1309 Nervous system 7:1333 Physiology 8:1516 Reproductive system 9:1667 Respiratory system 9:1677 Skeletal system 9:1739 Smell 9:1750 Speech 9:1796 Taste 10:1861 Touch 10:1903 Gerontology Human evolution Mounds, earthen Petroglyphs and pictographs 5:999 6:1054 7:1298 8:1491 Aquaculture Aquaculture Crops Drift net Fish 1:166 3:582 4:680 5:875 Archaeology Archaeoastronomy Archaeology Dating techniques Fossil and fossilization Half-life Nautical archaeology Petroglyphs and pictographs 1:171 1:173 4:616 5:917 6:1027 7:1323 8:1491 Artificial intelligence Anesthesiology Alternative medicine Anesthesia 1:118 1:142 Artificial intelligence Automation 1:188 2:242 Astronomy Animal husbandry Agrochemical Biotechnology Crops Genetic engineering Organic farming 1:65 2:309 3:582 5:973 7:1431 Anthropology Archaeoastronomy Dating techniques Forensic science x U•X•L 1:171 4:616 5:898 Archaeoastronomy Asteroid Astrophysics Big bang theory Binary star Black hole Brown dwarf Calendar Celestial mechanics Comet Constellation Cosmic ray Encyclopedia of Science, 1:171 1:200 1:207 2:273 2:276 2:322 2:358 2:372 3:423 3:527 3:558 3:571 2nd Edition Cosmology Dark matter Earth (planet) Eclipse Extrasolar planet Galaxy Gamma ray Gamma-ray burst Gravity and gravitation Infrared astronomy International Ultraviolet Explorer Interstellar matter Jupiter (planet) Light-year Mars (planet) Mercury (planet) Meteor and meteorite Moon Nebula Neptune (planet) Neutron star Nova Orbit Pluto (planet) Quasar Radio astronomy Red giant Redshift Satellite Saturn (planet) Seasons Solar system Space Spacecraft, manned Space probe Space station, international Star Starburst galaxy Star cluster Stellar magnetic fields U•X•L Encyclopedia 3:574 4:613 4:698 4:723 5:847 5:941 5:949 5:952 5:1012 6:1100 Sun Supernova Telescope Ultraviolet astronomy Uranus (planet) Variable star Venus (planet) White dwarf X-ray astronomy 6:1120 6:1130 6:1146 6:1190 6:1228 7:1250 7:1262 7:1294 7:1327 7:1330 7:1339 7:1359 7:1426 8:1539 8:1609 8:1633 9:1653 9:1654 9:1707 9:1708 9:1726 9:1762 9:1776 9:1777 9:1783 Astrophysics 9:1788 9:1801 9:1806 9:1808 9:1820 of 10:1844 10:1852 10:1869 10:1943 10:1952 10:1963 10:1964 10:2027 10:2038 Astrophysics 1:207 Big bang theory 2:273 Binary star 2:276 Black hole 2:322 Brown dwarf 2:358 Celestial mechanics 3:423 Cosmic ray 3:571 Cosmology 3:574 Dark matter 4:613 Galaxy 5:941 Gamma ray 5:949 Gamma-ray burst 5:952 Gravity and gravitation 5:1012 Infrared astronomy 6:1100 International Ultraviolet Explorer 6:1120 Interstellar matter 6:1130 Light-year 6:1190 Neutron star 7:1339 Orbit 7:1426 Quasar 8:1609 Radio astronomy 8:1633 Red giant 9:1653 Redshift 9:1654 Space 9:1776 Star 9:1801 Starburst galaxy 9:1806 Star cluster 9:1808 Stellar magnetic fields 9:1820 Sun 10:1844 Science, 2nd Edition x i Entries by Scientific Field Entries by Scientific Field Supernova Ultraviolet astronomy Uranus (planet) Variable star White dwarf X-ray astronomy 10:1852 10:1943 10:1952 10:1963 10:2027 10:2038 Atomic/Nuclear physics U•X•L Automobile Diesel engine Internal-combustion engine 2:245 4:646 6:1117 Bacteriology Actinides 1:23 Alkali metals 1:99 Alkali earth metals 1:102 Alternative energy sources 1:111 Antiparticle 1:163 Atom 2:226 Atomic mass 2:229 Atomic theory 2:232 Chemical bond 3:453 Dating techniques 4:616 Electron 4:768 Half-life 6:1027 Ionization 6:1135 Isotope 6:1141 Lanthanides 6:1163 Mole (measurement) 7:1282 Molecule 7:1285 Neutron 7:1337 Noble gases 7:1349 Nuclear fission 7:1361 Nuclear fusion 7:1366 Nuclear medicine 7:1372 Nuclear power 7:1374 Nuclear weapons 7:1381 Particle accelerators 8:1475 Quantum mechanics 8:1607 Radiation 8:1619 Radiation exposure 8:1621 Radiology 8:1637 Subatomic particles 10:1829 X ray 10:2033 x i i Automotive engineering Bacteria Biological warfare Disease Legionnaire’s disease 2:253 2:287 4:669 6:1179 Ballistics Ballistics Nuclear weapons Rockets and missiles 2:260 7:1381 9:1693 Biochemistry Amino acid 1:130 Biochemistry 2:279 Carbohydrate 2:387 Cell 3:428 Cholesterol 3:469 Enzyme 5:812 Fermentation 5:864 Hormones 6:1050 Human Genome Project 6:1060 Lipids 6:1191 Metabolism 7:1255 Nucleic acid 7:1387 Osmosis 7:1436 Photosynthesis 8:1505 Proteins 8:1586 Respiration 9:1672 Vitamin 10:1981 Yeast 10:2043 Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition Biology Adaptation Algae Amino acid Amoeba Amphibians Anatomy Animal Antibody and antigen Arachnids Arthropods Bacteria Behavior Biochemistry Biodegradable Biodiversity Biological warfare Biology Biome Biophysics Biosphere Biotechnology Birds Birth Birth defects Blood Botany Brain Butterflies Canines Carbohydrate Carcinogen Cell Cellulose Cetaceans Cholesterol Chromosome Circulatory system Clone and cloning Cockroaches Coelacanth Contraception U•X•L Encyclopedia 1:26 1:91 1:130 1:131 1:134 1:138 1:145 1:159 1:168 1:183 2:253 2:270 2:279 2:280 2:281 2:287 2:290 2:293 2:302 2:304 2:309 2:312 2:315 2:319 2:326 2:334 2:337 2:364 2:382 2:387 2:406 3:428 3:442 3:448 3:469 3:472 3:480 3:484 3:505 3:508 3:562 of Coral Crustaceans Cryobiology Digestive system Dinosaur Disease Ear Embryo and embryonic development Endocrine system Enzyme Eutrophication Evolution Excretory system Eye Felines Fermentation Fertilization Fish Flower Forestry Forests Fungi Genetic disorders Genetic engineering Genetics Heart Hibernation Hormones Horticulture Human Genome Project Human evolution Immune system Indicator species Insects Integumentary system Invertebrates Kangaroos and wallabies Leaf Lipids Lymphatic system Mammals Science, 2nd Edition 3:566 3:590 3:593 4:653 4:658 4:669 4:693 4:785 5:796 5:812 5:828 5:832 5:839 5:848 5:855 5:864 5:867 5:875 5:878 5:901 5:907 5:930 5:966 5:973 5:980 6:1037 6:1046 6:1050 6:1053 6:1060 6:1054 6:1082 6:1090 6:1103 6:1109 6:1133 6:1153 6:1172 6:1191 6:1198 6:1222 x i i i Entries by Scientific Field Entries by Scientific Field Mendelian laws of inheritance Metabolism Metamorphosis Migration (animals) Molecular biology Mollusks Muscular system Mutation Nervous system Nucleic acid Osmosis Parasites Photosynthesis Phototropism Physiology Plague Plankton Plant Primates Proteins Protozoa Puberty Rain forest Reproduction Reproductive system Reptiles Respiration Respiratory system Rh factor Seed Sexually transmitted diseases Skeletal system Smell Snakes Speech Sponges Taste Touch Tree Tumor x i v U•X•L 7:1246 7:1255 7:1259 7:1271 7:1283 7:1288 7:1309 7:1314 7:1333 7:1387 7:1436 8:1467 8:1505 8:1508 8:1516 8:1518 8:1520 8:1522 8:1571 8:1586 8:1590 8:1599 8:1641 9:1664 9:1667 9:1670 9:1672 9:1677 9:1683 9:1729 9:1735 9:1739 9:1750 9:1752 9:1796 9:1799 10:1861 10:1903 10:1927 10:1934 Vaccine Vertebrates Virus Vitamin Wetlands Yeast 10:1957 10:1967 10:1974 10:1981 10:2024 10:2043 Biomedical engineering Electrocardiogram Radiology 4:751 8:1637 Biotechnology Biotechnology Brewing Fermentation Vaccine 2:309 2:352 5:864 10:1957 Botany Botany Cellulose Cocaine Cotton Flower Forestry Forests Horticulture Leaf Marijuana Photosynthesis Phototropism Plant Seed Tree 2:334 3:442 3:501 3:577 5:878 5:901 5:907 6:1053 6:1172 6:1224 8:1505 8:1508 8:1522 9:1729 10:1927 Cartography Cartography Geologic map Encyclopedia of Science, 2:410 5:986 2nd Edition Cellular biology Amino acid Carbohydrate Cell Cholesterol Chromosome Genetics Lipids Osmosis Proteins 1:130 2:387 3:428 3:469 3:472 5:980 6:1191 7:1436 8:1586 Chemistry Acids and bases Actinides Aerosols Agent Orange Agrochemical Alchemy Alcohols Alkali metals Alkaline earth metals Aluminum family Atom Atomic mass Atomic theory Biochemistry Carbon dioxide Carbon family Carbon monoxide Catalyst and catalysis Chemical bond Chemical w\arfare Chemistry Colloid Combustion Composite materials Compound, chemical Crystal Cyclamate DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) U•X•L Encyclopedia 1:14 1:23 1:43 1:54 1:65 1:82 1:88 1:99 1:102 1:122 2:226 2:229 2:232 2:279 2:393 2:395 2:403 2:413 3:453 3:457 3:463 3:515 3:522 3:536 3:541 3:601 3:608 4:619 of Diffusion Dioxin Distillation Dyes and pigments Electrolysis Element, chemical Enzyme Equation, chemical Equilibrium, chemical Explosives Fermentation Filtration Formula, chemical Halogens Hormones Hydrogen Industrial minerals Ionization Isotope Lanthanides Lipids Metabolism Mole (measurement) Molecule Nitrogen family Noble gases Nucleic acid Osmosis Oxidation-reduction reaction Oxygen family Ozone Periodic table pH Photochemistry Photosynthesis Plastics Poisons and toxins Polymer Proteins Qualitative analysis Quantitative analysis Science, 2nd Edition 4:651 4:667 4:675 4:686 4:755 4:774 5:812 5:815 5:817 5:843 5:864 5:872 5:914 6:1030 6:1050 6:1068 6:1092 6:1135 6:1141 6:1163 6:1191 7:1255 7:1282 7:1285 7:1344 7:1349 7:1387 7:1436 7:1439 7:1442 7:1450 8:1486 8:1495 8:1498 8:1505 8:1532 8:1542 8:1563 8:1586 8:1603 8:1604 x v Entries by Scientific Field Entries by Scientific Field Reaction, chemical Respiration Soaps and detergents Solution Transition elements Vitamin Yeast 9:1647 9:1672 9:1756 9:1767 10:1913 10:1981 10:2043 Civil engineering Bridges Canal Dam Lock 2:354 2:376 4:611 6:1192 Climatology Global climate Ice ages Seasons 5:1006 6:1075 9:1726 Communications/ Graphic arts Antenna 1:153 CAD/CAM 2:369 Cellular/digital technology 3:439 Compact disc 3:531 Computer software 3:549 DVD technology 4:684 Hologram and holography 6:1048 Internet 6:1123 Magnetic recording/ audiocassette 6:1209 Microwave communication 7: 1268 Petroglyphs and pictographs 8:1491 Photocopying 8:1499 Radio 8:1626 Satellite 9:1707 Telegraph 10:1863 Telephone 10:1866 x v i U•X•L Television Video recording 10:1875 10:1968 Computer science Artificial intelligence 1:188 Automation 2:242 CAD/CAM 2:369 Calculator 2:370 Cellular/digital technology 3:439 Compact disc 3:531 Computer, analog 3:546 Computer, digital 3:547 Computer software 3:549 Internet 6:1123 Mass production 7:1236 Robotics 9:1690 Virtual reality 10:1969 Cosmology Astrophysics Big Bang theory Cosmology Galaxy Space 1:207 2:273 3:574 5:941 9:1776 Cryogenics Cryobiology Cryogenics 3:593 3:595 Dentistry Dentistry Fluoridation 4:626 5:889 Ecology/Environmental science Acid rain 1:9 Alternative energy sources 1:111 Biodegradable 2:280 Biodiversity 2:281 Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition Bioenergy Biome Biosphere Carbon cycle Composting DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) Desert Dioxin Drift net Drought Ecology Ecosystem Endangered species Environmental ethics Erosion Eutrophication Food web and food chain Forestry Forests Gaia hypothesis Greenhouse effect Hydrologic cycle Indicator species Nitrogen cycle Oil spills Organic farming Paleoecology Pollution Pollution control Rain forest Recycling Succession Waste management Wetlands 2:284 2:293 2:304 2:389 3:539 4:619 4:634 4:667 4:680 4:682 4:725 4:728 5:793 5:807 5:820 5:828 5:894 5:901 5:907 5:935 5:1016 6:1071 6:1090 7:1342 7:1422 7:1431 8:1457 8:1549 8:1558 8:1641 9:1650 10:1837 10:2003 10:2024 Electrical engineering Antenna Battery Cathode Cathode-ray tube Cell, electrochemical U•X•L Encyclopedia 1:153 2:268 3:415 3:417 3:436 of Compact disc 3:531 Diode 4:665 Electric arc 4:734 Electric current 4:737 Electricity 4:741 Electric motor 4:747 Electrocardiogram 4:751 Electromagnetic field 4:758 Electromagnetic induction 4:760 Electromagnetism 4:766 Electronics 4:773 Fluorescent light 5:886 Generator 5:962 Incandescent light 6:1087 Integrated circuit 6:1106 LED (light-emitting diode) 6: 1176 Magnetic recording/ audiocassette 6:1209 Radar 8:1613 Radio 8:1626 Superconductor 10:1849 Telegraph 10:1863 Telephone 10:1866 Television 10:1875 Transformer 10:1908 Transistor 10:1910 Ultrasonics 10:1941 Video recording 10:1968 Electronics Antenna Battery Cathode Cathode-ray tube Cell, electrochemical Compact disc Diode Electric arc Electric current Electricity Electric motor Science, 2nd Edition 1:153 2:268 3:415 3:417 3:436 3:531 4:665 4:734 4:737 4:741 4:747 x v i i Entries by Scientific Field Entries by Scientific Field Electromagnetic field 4:758 Electromagnetic induction 4:760 Electronics 4:773 Generator 5:962 Integrated circuit 6:1106 LED (light-emitting diode) 6:1176 Magnetic recording/ audiocassette 6:1209 Radar 8:1613 Radio 8:1626 Superconductor 10:1849 Telephone 10:1866 Television 10:1875 Transformer 10:1908 Transistor 10:1910 Ultrasonics 10:1941 Video recording 10:1968 Embryology Embryo and embryonic development Fertilization Reproduction Reproductive system 4:785 5:867 9:1664 9:1667 Engineering Aerodynamics Aircraft Antenna Automation Automobile Balloon Battery Bridges Canal Cathode Cathode-ray tube Cell, electrochemical Compact disc Dam x v i i i U•X•L 1:39 1:74 1:153 2:242 2:245 1:261 2:268 2:354 2:376 3:415 3:417 3:436 3:531 4:611 Diesel engine 4:646 Diode 4:665 Electric arc 4:734 Electric current 4:737 Electric motor 4:747 Electricity 4:741 Electrocardiogram 4:751 Electromagnetic field 4:758 Electromagnetic induction 4:760 Electromagnetism 4:766 Electronics 4:773 Engineering 5:805 Fluorescent light 5:886 Generator 5:962 Incandescent light 6:1087 Integrated circuit 6:1106 Internal-combustion engine 6:1117 Jet engine 6:1143 LED (light-emitting diode) 6: 1176 Lock 6:1192 Machines, simple 6:1203 Magnetic recording/ audiocassette 6:1209 Mass production 7:1236 Radar 8:1613 Radio 8:1626 Steam engine 9:1817 Submarine 10:1834 Superconductor 10:1849 Telegraph 10:1863 Telephone 10:1866 Television 10:1875 Transformer 10:1908 Transistor 10:1910 Ultrasonics 10:1941 Video recording 10:1968 Entomology Arachnids Arthropods Encyclopedia of Science, 1:168 1:183 2nd Edition Butterflies Cockroaches Insects Invertebrates Metamorphosis 2:364 3:505 6:1103 6:1133 7:1259 General science 2:287 4:669 4:717 8:1518 8:1546 Genetic engineering Alchemy Chaos theory Metric system Scientific method Units and standards 1:82 3:451 7:1265 9:1722 10:1948 Epidemiology Biological warfare Disease Ebola virus Plague Poliomyelitis Sexually transmitted diseases Vaccine 9:1735 10:1957 Evolutionary biology Adaptation Evolution Human evolution Mendelian laws of inheritance 1:26 5:832 6:1054 7:1246 Food science Brewing Cyclamate Food preservation Nutrition 2:352 3:608 5:890 7:1399 Forensic science 5:898 Forestry U•X•L Encyclopedia 2:287 2:309 3:484 5:973 Genetics Biotechnology Birth defects Cancer Carcinogen Chromosome Clone and cloning Genetic disorders Genetic engineering Genetics Human Genome Project Mendelian laws of inheritance Mutation Nucleic acid 2:309 2:319 2:379 2:406 3:472 3:484 5:966 5:973 5:980 6:1060 7:1246 7:1314 7:1387 Geochemistry Forensic science Forestry Forests Rain forest Tree Biological warfare Biotechnology Clone and cloning Genetic engineering 5:901 5:907 8:1641 10:1927 of Coal Earth (planet) Earth science Earth’s interior Glacier Minerals Rocks Soil Science, 2nd Edition 3:492 4:698 4:707 4:708 5:1000 7:1273 9:1701 9:1758 x i x Entries by Scientific Field Entries by Scientific Field Geography Africa Antarctica Asia Australia Biome Cartography Coast and beach Desert Europe Geologic map Island Lake Mountain North America River South America 1:49 1:147 1:194 2:238 2:293 2:410 3:498 4:634 5:823 5:986 6:1137 6:1159 7:1301 7:1352 9:1685 9:1772 Geology Catastrophism Cave Coal Coast and beach Continental margin Dating techniques Desert Earthquake Earth science Earth’s interior Erosion Fault Geologic map Geologic time Geology Glacier Hydrologic cycle Ice ages Iceberg Industrial minerals Island Lake x x U•X•L 3:415 3:420 3:492 3:498 3:560 4:616 4:634 4:702 4:707 4:708 5:820 5:855 5:986 5:990 5:993 5:1000 6:1071 6:1075 6:1078 6:1092 6:1137 6:1159 Minerals Mining Mountain Natural gas Oil drilling Oil spills Petroleum Plate tectonics River Rocks Soil Uniformitarianism Volcano Water 7:1273 7:1278 7:1301 7:1319 7:1418 7:1422 8:1492 8:1534 9:1685 9:1701 9:1758 10:1946 10:1992 10:2010 Geophysics Earth (planet) Earth science Fault Plate tectonics 4:698 4:707 5:855 8:1534 Gerontology Aging and death Alzheimer’s disease Arthritis Dementia Gerontology 1:59 1:126 1:181 4:622 5:999 Gynecology Contraception Fertilization Gynecology Puberty Reproduction 3:562 5:867 5:1022 8:1599 9:1664 Health/Medicine Acetylsalicylic acid 1:6 Addiction 1:32 Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 2:237 Encyclopedia of Science, 2nd Edition

Author Rob Nagel Isbn 9780787617165 File size 40 Mb Year 2001 Pages 2131 Language English File format PDF Category Encyclopedia and Dictionary Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare With more than 600 entries–approximately 50 new and 100 updated–this latest edition of a title first published in 1998 provides information on topics in the study of physical, earth, and life sciences as well as the fields of technology, engineering, mathematics, environmental science, and psychology. Each volume begins with a cumulative table of contents and an alphabetical list of entries categorized by their scientific fields and ends with a listing of books, periodicals, and Web sites and a set index. Entries vary in length from 250 to 2,500 words. Longer articles are divided by subheadings, adding to clarity. As is common format for UXL publications, extensive cross-referencing directs users to related articles, and sidebars define “Words to Know.” Most of the photographs and technical diagrams are in color, a definite improvement over the previous edition’s all black-and-white illustrations. Among the new entries are DVD technology and Internet. It difficult to find fault with this clearly written resource that uses simple, nontechnical terms to explain scientific concepts at a basic level. Its A-Z format distinguishes it from other multivolume science sets for a similar age group, such as The New Book of Popular Science (Grolier, 2000) and The World Book Encyclopedia of Science(World Book, 2001), which have a topical arrangement. Visually appealing and user-friendly, UXL Encyclopedia of Science is sure to find success with beginning researchers and is recommended for middle-school and junior-high-school students and the libraries that serve them.     Download (40 Mb) Encyclopedia of Electronic Circuits Encyclopedia of Plague and Pestilence: From Ancient Times to the Present, Third Edition Encyclopedia of Caves and Karst Science Dictionary of Oil, Gas, and Petrochemical Processing Encyclopedia of Smart Materials Load more posts

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