The Chess Mysteries of Sherlock Holmes by Raymond M. Smullyan


31587486044b6b2-261x361.jpeg Author Raymond M. Smullyan
Isbn 9780091405311
File size 14MB
Year 1980
Pages 171
Language English
File format PDF
Category games



 

The CHESS MYSTERIES of SHERLOCK HOLMES The CHESS MYSTERIES of SHERLOCK HOLMES by RAYMOND SMULLYAN HUTCHINSON London Melbourne Sydney Auckland Johannesburg Hutchinson & Co. (Publishers) Ltd An imprint of the Hutchinson Publishing Group 3 Fitzroy Square, London W1P 6JD Hutchinson Group (Australia) Pty Ltd 30-32 Cremorne Street, Richmond South, Victoria 3121 PO Box 151, Broadway, New South Wales 2007 Hutchinson Group (NZ) Ltd 32-34 View Road, PO Box 40—086, Glenfield, Auckland 10 Hutchinson Group (SA) (Pty) Ltd PO Box 337, Bergvlei 2012, South Africa First published 1980 © Raymond Smullyan 1980 The paperback edition of this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated in any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar condition including this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser Printed in Great Britain by The Anchor Press Ltd and bound by Wm Brendon & Son Ltd both of Tiptree, Essex British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data Smullyan, Raymond Merrill The chess mysteries of Sherlock Holmes. 1. Chess problems I. Title 974.1 GV1451 ISBN 0 09 140531 9 (paper) To My Wife BLANCHE and to the Memory of My Brother EMILE and of My Dear Friend THEODORE SHEDLOVSKY CONTENTS Acknowledgments ix A Note for the Chess Detective xi Part I: SHERLOCK HOLMES at the CHESSBOARD A MATTER OF DIRECTION 3 A DELIGHTFUL VARIATION 12 16 A LITTLE EXERCISE WHICH COLOR? 21 ANOTHER MONOCHROMATIC 24 A QUESTION OF SURVIVAL 26 MYSTERY OF THE MISSING PIECE 29 YOU REALLY CAN' T, YOU KNOW! 38 44 TWO BAGATELLES SIR REGINALD'S JEST A RETURN VISIT 48 51 MYCROFT' S PROBLEM 58 A LITTLE QUESTION OF LOCATION 61 "TO KNOW THE PAST " 68 A STUDY IN IMAGINARY CHECKS AN UNSOLVED PROBLEM vii 76 73 1 CONTENTS Part II: MARSTON'S ISLAND 81 83 ABOARD SHIP 87 THE MYSTERY OF THE INDIAN CHESS SET 89 ANOTHER QUESTION OF LOCATION 90 HOLMES SETTLES A DISPUTE 93 THE CASE OF THE DROPPED PAWN FROM WHERE? DIFFICULT ? 95 97 99 THOUGHTS OF A LOGICIAN 105 A QUESTION OF PROMOTION SHADES OF THE PAST 106 112 SOME CHILLING REMINISCENCES A DISPLACED BISHOP 118 120 A REMARKABLE MONOCHROMATIC LADY ASHLEY'S PROBLEM 122 123 A LITTLE MYSTIFICATION ON MARSTON' S ISLAND 124 HOLMES EXPLAINS IT 129 141 EPILOGUE Appendix I: MORIARTY'S PROBLEMS Appendix II: SOLUTIONS 145 151 Appendix III: SOLUTIONS TO MORIARTY'S PROBLEMS 163 viii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS First, I wish to thank a graduate student of my Princeton days, who went through earlier versions of several of these puzzles, and provided a host of helpful suggestions. For years I have tried to recall his name but have unfortunately failed. I hope he will see this and get in touch with me, so I can thank him by name in my next book of chess puzzles. It is a pleasure to express my gratitude to all those at Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., who were so generously helpful in the preparation of this book. I am especially grateful to my editor, Ann Close, for her remarkably clever and conscientious work on the manuscript. I cannot imagine an editorial task consummated with greater care and artistry. R.M.S. ix A NOTE FOR THE CHESS DETECTIVE Suppose I told you that in the following position no pawn has ever reached the eighth square. Would you believe me? If you did, you shouldn't have, because what I have told you is logically impossible! Here is the reason why. To begin with, in all the problems in this book, squares will be designated by letter and number. For example, in the above position, the White king is on f2, the Black king is on e8, a White bishop is on g3, the Black queen is on c6, and White pawns are on b2 and d2. Now, how did the White bishop ever get to g3 from its home square of c1, since the pawns on b2 and d2 have never moved to let it out? The only possibility is that the bishop originally on c1 was captured on its home square without xi A NOTE FOR THE CHESS DETECTIVE having moved, and that the bishop on g3 is really a promoted bishop. (After all, a pawn doesn't have to promote to a queen; it can also promote to a rook, a bishop, or a knight). Therefore, the statement that no pawn has ever reached the eighth square simply doesn't hold water! The above problem, like the one on the jacket cover, is a very simple example of the type considered by Sherlock Holmes in this remarkable manuscript. Such problems belong to the field known as retrograde analysis. Unlike the more conventional type of chess problem (which is concerned with the number of moves in which White can win), these problems are concerned only with the past history of a game. The variety of questions that these puzzles can pose is quite fascinating. For example, you might exhibit a position in which one of the pieces is dropped (or represented by a coin lying on the square), and the problem is to figure out what the piece is. Then again, positions are given from which you can deduce that one of the pieces on the board is a promoted piece, but it is impossible to tell which piece it is. (Indeed, a position is given in which you cannot even determine whether the promoted piece is White or Black!) It is even possible, as we shall see, to prove that White has a mate in two moves from a certain position, while at the same time it is impossible to show the mate! Unbelievable as this may sound, it is true. These problems are intriguing studies in pure deductive reasoning. They might be said to lie on the borderline between logic and chess (in fact, they have sometimes been referred to as problems in chess-logic). They very much have the psychological flavor of detective stories, and naturally had an enormous appeal for Holmes—indeed, this is the only type of chess problem in which he took any interest. We are most fortunate in that Holmes's brilliant exposition of this whole subject in Part I is so lucid that any reader who merely knows how the pieces move will easily be able to follow his explanations step by step. He will have become pretty much of an expert in this type of reasoning by the xii A NOTE FOR THE CHESS DETECTIVE time he reaches Part II, and will be adequately prepared to help Holmes locate Captain Marston's buried treasure by means of retrograde analysis and, at the same time, solve a curious double-murder mystery. It is our great good luck that Holmes was so adept at this type of chess problem. If he hadn't been able to solve one of them in particular (you will find out which one), this manuscript would never have taken shape, for he would have fallen prey to a diabolical scheme of Moriarty's and lost his life before he ever even met Dr. Watson. RAYMOND M. SMULLYAN Elka Park, New York February 1979 xiii PART I SHERLOCK HOLMES at the CHESSBOARD A MATTER OF DIRECTION What about a stroll to the chess club?" Holmes remarked one early afternoon. "Why, Holmes!" I cried in amazement. "I did not know you were a chess enthusiast!" "Not of the conventional sort," laughed Holmes. "I do not have too much interest in chess as a game—indeed, I do not have much inclination for games in general." "But what is chess, if not a game?" I asked in astonishment. Holmes's face grew serious. "There are occasional chess situations, Watson, which challenge the analytic mind as fully as any which arise in real life. Moreover, I have found them as valuable as any exercises I know in developing those powers of pure deduction so essential to dealing with reallife situations." "Tell me more," I replied with interest. "What I have in mind, Watson, is this: In an actual game, both players have their eyes fixed entirely on the future. Each player tries to control the future in a way favorable to his own position. Also, in most chess problems of the usual sort—White to play and mate in so many moves—the entire emphasis is on doing something to control the future. Now, although I have the deepest respect for the better problems of this sort—many of them are really ingenious works of art!—the type of strategies involved, clever as they are, is hardly of any use to me in my own work." "I am afraid I am still in the dark," I responded. "There are certain chessboard situations," explained 3 A MAT T E R OF DIRE CTION Holmes, "which are of no interest to the player of chess as a game—of no interest with regard to future outcomes—but are of vital interest in providing clues as to what must have happened in the past." "Can you give me an example, Holmes?" I asked with ever-growing curiosity. "Another time," said Holmes, rising. "Right now I really do feel like taking a jaunt to the chess club. Why don't you come with me, Watson? Who knows—we might encounter an actual situation to illustrate my point." I thought this a good idea and got my hat, and together we sauntered over to the club. It was empty except for two occupants: Colonel Marston, whom we knew fairly well, and a distinguished, intelligent-looking gentleman with a very pleasant and humorous manner. "Why, Holmes," said Marston, rising from his place at the chessboard, "let me introduce you and Dr. Watson to a very dear friend of mine, Sir Reginald Owen. We have just finished a most delightfully bizarre and eccentric game. The playing was utterly wild on both sides, though perfectly legal, of course." "So I see," remarked Holmes, looking at the board. The position was this:

Author Raymond M. Smullyan Isbn 9780091405311 File size 14MB Year 1980 Pages 171 Language English File format PDF Category Games Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare Join Holmes and Watson as they examine interrupted games to deduce prior moves. A series of increasingly complex chess mysteries culminates in a double murder perpetrated by Professor Moriarty. The master sleuth instructs his companion (and us) in the intricacies of retrograde analysis; readers need only a knowledge of how the pieces move.     Download (14MB) Transpo Tricks in Chess: Finesse Your Chess Move and Win Logical Chess: Move by Move English 1…P-QB4 by John L. Watson Teach Yourself Chess Concise Chess: The Compact Guide for Beginners Load more posts

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