Sexual Revolutions: Psychoanalysis, History And The Father by Gottfried Heuer


265710ea1f148fc.jpg Author Gottfried Heuer
Isbn 9780415570442
File size 2.4 MB
Year 2011
Pages 312
Language English
File format PDF
Category psychology



 

Sexual Revolutions The ideas of psychoanalyst Otto Gross (1877±1920) have had a seminal in¯uence on the development of psychoanalytic theory and clinical practice and yet his work has been largely overlooked. For Freud, he was one of only two analysts `capable of making an original contribution' (Jung was the other), and Jung called Gross `my twin brother' in the course of their mutual analysis. This is a major interdisciplinary enquiry into the history, nature and plausibility of the idea of a `sexual revolution', drawing also on the related ®elds of history, law, criminology, literature, sociology and philosophy. Divided into four parts and offering an interdisciplinary and international range of contributors, areas of discussion include: · · · · a contemporary perspective on sexual revolutions the broad in¯uence of Otto Gross the father±son con¯ict a Jungian perspective on history Sexual Revolutions introduces Gross's work to the academic and clinical ®elds of psychoanalysis and Jungian Analysis. Although most people associate the term with the 1960s, its foundations lie in the long-neglected but sensational work of the early psychoanalyst Otto Gross. This book will be essential reading for all psychoanalysts and Jungian analysts with an interest in learning more about his work. Gottfried Heuer is a Jungian Training Analyst and Supervisor, and a Body psychotherapist, with over 35 years' private practice in West London. He is an independent scholar with over 60 published papers on the links between analysis, radical politics, body psychotherapy and spirituality, and on the history of analysis. He is co-founder and Chair of the International Otto Gross Society, for which he (co-)edited seven volumes of Congress proceedings, and editor of Sacral Revolutions Re¯ecting on the Work of Andrew Samuels ± Cutting Edges in Psychoanalysis and Jungian Analysis, Routledge. Sexual Revolutions Psychoanalysis, History and the Father Edited by Gottfried Heuer First published 2011 by Routledge 27 Church Road, Hove, East Sussex BN3 2FA Simultaneously published in the USA and Canada by Routledge 270 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016 Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa business This edition published in the Taylor & Francis e-Library, 2011. To purchase your own copy of this or any of Taylor & Francis or Routledge’s collection of thousands of eBooks please go to www.eBookstore.tandf.co.uk. Ø 2011 selection and editorial matter Gottfried Heuer; individual chapters, the contributors. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reprinted or reproduced or utilised in any form or by any electronic, mechanical, or other means, now known or hereafter invented, including photocopying and recording, or in any information storage or retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publishers. This publication has been produced with paper manufactured to strict environmental standards and with pulp derived from sustainable forests. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Sexual revolutions : psychoanalysis, history and the father / edited by Gottfried Heuer. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 978-0-415-57043-5 (hardback) ± ISBN 978-0-415-57044-2 (pbk.) 1. Gross, Otto, 1877-1920. 2. Psychoanalysis. 3. Jungian psychology. 4. Psychology, Pathological. I. Heuer, Gottfried, 1944± BF175.S48 2010 150.19©52092±dc22 2010019575 ISBN 0-203-83471-2 Master e-book ISBN ISBN: 978-0-415-57043-5 (hbk) ISBN: 978-0-415-57044-2 (pbk) For Birgit With gratitude, in love `Create new heavens and a new earth' (Isaiah 65: 17) Otto Gross's 1919 call to replace the `will to power' with the `will to relating' as `the highest, the essential goal of all revolutions' re-emerged in the 1960s as `make love, not war!': Now, if God is love, then making love is to invoke the sacred ± `two bodies, one ¯esh' ± and `in our ¯esh we shall see God' (Job 19: 26). Gottfried M. Heuer Contents Figures xii Contributors xiii Acknowledgements Introduction: `The angel of history': `The past and the present are entwined like lovers in an embrace' xviii 1 GOTTFRIED M. HEUER PART I History 1 Jung and history: Adumbrations of a post-Jungian approach to psychoanalytic history 9 11 KEVIN LU 2 Sexual revolutions: Towards a brief history, from the Fall of Man to the present 35 DAVID BENNETT PART II Fathers and sons 3 Elementary my dear Holmes: Hans Gross, the father of Criminology, and Arthur Conan Doyle 53 55 È HLBACHER THOMAS MU 4 Kafka, sex and the Jews SANDER L. GILMAN 65 x Contents 5 Gross v. Gross 77 GERHARD M. DIENES 6 Sigmund Freud, Max Weber and the sexual revolution 89 È TZ VON OLENHUSEN ALBRECHT GO PART III Psychoanalysis, literature and sociology 7 Freud, Gross, sexual revolution 105 107 ALFRED SPRINGER 8 The birth of intersubjectivity: Otto Gross and the development of psychoanalytic theory and clinical practice 122 GOTTFRIED M. HEUER 9 Wilhelm Reich's theory of sexuality 141 NICK TOTTON 10 Otto Gross's in¯uence on German-language writers 155 JENNIFER E. MICHAELS 11 `Making history': D. H. Lawrence, Frieda Weekley and Otto Gross 168 JOHN TURNER 12 No place for a sexual revolutionary: Heidelberg and Otto Gross 181 SAM WHIMSTER PART IV Sexual revolutions 201 13 Sexual liberation: Where have we got to? Psychoanalysis and the engagement with sexual liberation 203 SUSIE ORBACH IN CONVERSATION WITH BRETT KAHR 14 Carnal critiques: Promiscuity, politics, imagination, spirituality and hypocrisy 219 ANDREW SAMUELS 15 Rethinking virginity: A post-Jungian reframing AMANDA HON 235 Contents 16 The colour of rainbows: The advent of post-postmodernity and the notion of forgiveness xi 250 BIRGIT HEUER 17 `The sacredness of love' or `Relationship as third, as religion': Otto Gross's concepts of relationship today 262 GOTTFRIED M. HEUER Index 282 Figures 0.1 Otto Gross. Graphic design by Gottfried M. Heuer (after a photo of Otto Gross). 0.2 Otto Gross, 1877±1920. Generally assumed to be from an earlier date than the one given with the dedication, `z[ur]. fr[eundlichen]. Er[innerun]g' (in fond memory). 3.1 Hans Gross, 1847±1915. Painting after a photograph, artist unknown. Reproduction Hans Gross Archive/Gernot Kocher, Graz. 6.1 Frieda Gross, 1876±1950, with her and Otto Gross's son Peter, 1907±1946. 8.1 Otto Gross (second from left), undated. 8.2 Jung's radical 1944 formulation of the mutual interrelationship between analyst and patient. From his The Psychology of the Transference (1944: para. 422). 8.3 Dorian Feigenbaum, 1887±1937, with Otto Gross, at the end of the First World War. 12.1 Else JaffeÂ, 1874±1973. 16.1 Otto Gross's letter to his wife, Frieda, undated (Bequest Hurwitz). 17.1 Ferdinand Heinrich Eggeling, 1877±1954. Ilse Bauer Archive, LuÈbeck, Germany. 18.1 Otto Gross and Hans Gross. Psychoanalysis and Criminology ± Libido and Power: Eighth International Otto Gross Congress, Graz, 2011. ii 5 56 95 126 129 135 187 251 272 000 Unless stated otherwise, all images Ø The Otto Gross Archive/Gottfried M. Heuer, London. Contributors David Bennett teaches English and Cultural Theory at the University of Melbourne and is a visiting professor in the Department of History, Classics and Archaeology at Birkbeck College, University of London. He has published around 90 scholarly articles in the ®elds of literary, musical and cultural history, including a dozen on the political and economic histories of psychoanalysis and sexology in such journals as New Literary History, Public Culture and Textual Practice. His books include Cultural Studies: Pluralism and Theory (1993), Multicultural States: Rethinking Difference and Identity (1998), Sounding Postmodernism (2009) and Postmodernism, Music and Cultural Theory (2009). Dr. Gerhard M. Dienes, born in Graz, Austria, read History and was appointed curator at the Museum of the City of Graz in 1980. He was the museum's director from 1990 to 2004 and has worked for the Universalmuseum Joanneum, Styria, since 2005. From 1985 to 1994 he lectured at the University of Graz and he is a member of the Advisory Committee on the Promotion of Culture in Styria, currently based in Graz. He has curated more than 70 exhibitions in Austria and abroad and has authored about 150 publications on the history of transport and on local, social, economic and industrial history. Further ®elds of interest include suburbs, cultural history, the history of mentalities and the history of the Alps-Adriatic region. Sander L. Gilman is a distinguished professor of the Liberal Arts and Sciences and Professor of Psychiatry at Emory University, Atlanta, USA (Director of the Program in Psychoanalysis and the Health Sciences Humanities Initiative). A cultural and literary historian, he is the author or editor of over 80 books. He is the editor of Race and Contemporary Medicine: Biological Facts and Fictions (2008) and the author of Diseases and Diagnoses: The Second Age of Biology (2010); the basic study of the visual stereotyping of the mentally ill, Seeing the Insane (1982, reprinted 1996); and the standard study of Jewish Self-Hatred (1986). xiv Contributors Albrecht GoÈtz von Olenhusen, Dr. Jur., Freiburg i. Br., is a lawyer, law historian and lecturer at the University of DuÈsseldorf. His works include publications on Walter Benjamin, Siegfried Kracauer, Louis Blanc, Proudhon, Karl May, Johannes Nohl, Erich MuÈhsam, Franz Jung, and Hans and Otto Gross. He co-edited two Congress Proceedings of the International Otto Gross Society (Die Gesetze des Vaters, Graz 2003, Marburg, 2003; Psychoanalyse und Expressionismus, Dresden 2008, Marburg, 2010). List of publications: www.drgoetzvonolenhusen.de Jungian Analyst Birgit Heuer is a senior practitioner with 30 years of clinical experience. She is also trained in body-oriented psychotherapy and ± informally as a personal pupil of the late Rose Gladden ± in healing. She has served on the training committee of the British Association of Psychotherapists and was clinical supervisor at Kingston University Health Centre, London, for a number of years. She has written and lectured internationally on the psychodynamics of the healing process, on the body in psychotherapy and on forgiveness. At present she is engaged in doctoral research on sanatology, her term for a psychotherapeutic theory of health and healing. Dr. Gottfried M. Heuer is a Jungian training analyst and supervisor with the Association of Jungian Analysts, London and a Neo-Reichian body psychotherapist. He has been in clinical practice for over 35 years and is also an independent scholar, graphic artist, photographer, sculptor and poet. He has written over 60 published papers on the links between analysis, radical politics, body psychotherapy and spirituality, as well as on the history of analytic ideas, in journals including Spring, the International Journal of Psychoanalysis, the Journal of Analytical Psychology, the International Journal of Jungian Studies, Harvest, Psychotherapy and Politics International. He is (co-) editor of seven congress and symposium proceedings for the International Otto Gross Society (www.ottogross.org/), which he co-founded, and editor of Sacral Revolutions: Re¯ecting on the Work of Andrew Samuels: Cutting Edges in Psychoanalysis and Jungian Analysis, Routledge (2010). He is author of `In My Flesh I Shall See God' ± Body and Psyche in Analysis (2009), available as a podcast at http://www.guildofpastoral psychology.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id= 215&Itemid=102 Amanda Hon, MA, Adv Dip, is a psychotherapist registered with the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy and has a private practice in West London. She trained at the Centre for Transpersonal Psychology, London and holds a Masters degree in Jungian and Post-Jungian Studies from the Centre for Psychoanalytic Studies, University of Essex, UK. She is a Director/Trustee of FreshStart Psychotherapy, a charity that provides low-cost psychotherapy to members of the Greater London community. Contributors xv Professor Brett Kahr is Senior Clinical Research Fellow in Psychotherapy and Mental Health at the Centre for Child Mental Health in London, and Honorary Visiting Professor in the School of Arts at Roehampton University, London. He also serves as Consultant Psychologist to the Bowlby Centre, and as the Chair of the British Society of Couple Psychotherapists and Counsellors, the Professional Association of the Tavistock Centre for Couple Relationships, at the Tavistock Institute of Medical Psychology. He is a Registered Psychotherapist with the Council for Psychoanalysis and Jungian Analysis, the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy and the British Psychoanalytic Council. His many books include Sex and the Psyche (2007). Kevin Lu is a PhD candidate and lecturer in psychoanalytic studies at the University of Essex, UK. He is the Director of the MA in Jungian and Post-Jungian Studies and a member of the Executive Committee of the International Association for Jungian Studies. He holds degrees from New College, University of Toronto (BA Hons) and Heythrop College, University of London (MA in Psychology of Religion). His doctoral thesis explores the possibility of a distinctly Jungian approach to psychoanalytic history. Jennifer E. Michaels is Samuel R. and Marie-Louise Rosenthal Professor of Humanities and Professor of German at Grinnell College in Iowa, USA. She received her MA degree in German from Edinburgh University and an MA and a PhD in German from McGill University in Montreal, Canada. She has published four books and numerous articles about twentieth-century German and Austrian literature and culture, which is her main teaching and research interest, and has served as president of the German Studies Association and the Rocky Mountain Modern Language Association. Thomas MuÈhlbacher, Dr. Jur., graduated from the University of Graz, Austria, in 1986 and was appointed as a judge in 1990. Since 2010 he has been chief prosecutor of the Public Prosecution Service Graz/Austria and vice president of the Association of Austrian Prosecutors. He has written several publications on criminal law and proceedings, the history of criminology and Hans Gross. Susie Orbach is a psychoanalyst and writer whose interests have centred around feminism and psychoanalysis; the construction of femininity and gender; globalisation and body image; emotional literacy and psychoanalysis; and the public sphere. She co-founded The Women's Therapy Centre in London in 1976 and The Women's Therapy Centre Institute, New York, in 1981. Her numerous publications include the classic Fat is xvi Contributors a Feminist Issue, along with other such in¯uential texts as Hunger Strike, The Impossibility of Sex and the recently published Bodies. Susie is a founder member of Antidote (working for emotional literacy) and Psychotherapists and Counsellors for Social Responsibility and is convener of Anybody (www.any-body.org), an organisation campaigning for body diversity. She is currently chair of the Relational School in the UK and has a clinical practice, seeing individuals and couples. Andrew Samuels is Professor of Analytical Psychology at the University of Essex and holds visiting chairs at London, Roehampton and New York Universities. He is a Training Analyst for the Society of Analytical Psychology and is in clinical practice in London. He works internationally as a political consultant and is co-founder of Psychotherapists and Counsellors for Social Responsibility and chair of the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy. His books have been translated into 19 languages and include Jung and the Post-Jungians, The Father, A Critical Dictionary of Jungian Analysis, The Plural Psyche, Psychopathology, The Political Psyche and Politics on the Couch (www.andrew samuels.com). Alfred Springer, MD, is a professor in Psychiatry at the Medical University of Vienna and a psychoanalyst (VPA). He is director emeritus of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Addiction research and editor of Wiener Zeitschrift fuÈr Suchtforschung. Books include Kokain: Mythos und RealitaÈt; Pathologie der geschlechtlichen IdentititaÈt; HomosexualitaÈt und Transsexualismus; and Die Wiener Drogenszene. He has published widely on drug addiction and sexuality (with a focus on gender dysphoria); the history of psychoanalysis; the political discourse on psychoanalysis; literature and psychoanalysis; fetishism and the visual arts; movies and psychoanalysis; the cultural aspects of psychoanalysis and the cultural and political involvement of psychoanalysts (with a focus on Otto Gross and German expressionism); and the history of psychiatry (with a focus on national socialism). On the occasion of Freud's 150th birthday, he lectured in Vienna, Toronto and Istanbul. Nick Totton is a therapist and trainer in private practice. Originally a Reichian body therapist, he currently teaches and practises his own synthesis, Embodied-Relational Therapy. He holds an MA in Psychoanalytic Studies, and has also worked with Process Oriented Psychology and trained as a craniosacral therapist. He is currently immersed in ecopsychology. His books include The Water in the Glass: Body and Mind in Psychoanalysis; Body Psychotherapy: An Introduction; Psychotherapy and Politics; and Press When Illuminated: New and Selected Poems. There is an extensive website at www.erthworks.co.uk. Nick lives in Yorkshire with his partner and grows vegetables. Contributors xvii John Turner was formerly a senior lecturer in English at Swansea University, South Wales. He has written books on Wordsworth and Macbeth, co-authored two books on Shakespeare and written over 20 essays on D. H. Lawrence as well as an as yet unpublished book on D. H. Lawrence and the history of psychoanalysis. Together with Gottfried Heuer, he is currently preparing an English edition of the complete psychoanalytic writings of Otto Gross. Sam Whimster is professor of social economics at the Global Policy Institute, London Metropolitan University. He is the editor of the international journal Max Weber Studies and is currently involved in a new edition and translation of Weber's Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft, to be published by Routledge. He is a founder member of the Otto Gross Gesellschaft and his Max Weber and the Culture of Anarchy was published by Macmillan in 1998. He is currently putting together a database of Max Weber's letters. Acknowledgements For the exhibition entitled The Laws of the Father: Freud/Gross/Kafka and the accompanying symposia on which the present volume is based, support of the following organisations is gratefully acknowledged: The Anna Freud Centre, London; the Austrian Cultural Forum, London; BruÈhl, Austria; the City of Graz Culture and the Federal State of Styria Culture, Austria; the Freud Museum, London; the International Otto Gross Society, Hannover/London; Pischler Engineering; University of Graz, Austria; and the Universalmuseum Johanneum, Graz. The front and back cover compositions are both variations on a theme by Agnolo Bronzino: Allegory with Saturn, Cupid and Venus (ca. 1550). Sadly, high copyright costs make a reproduction ± even on the smallest scale ± an impossibility, but the image is available on numerous internet sites: just Google `Bronzino Allegory of Venus and Cupid'. In gratitude to the contributors and my editors at Routledge, Kate Hawes, Erasmis Kidd and Sarah Gibson, and to Sally Mesner Lyons for her careful and caring copy-editing. Many thanks also to Brendan O'Brien for his meticulous work on compiling the index, and to Kristin Susser of the production team. Gottfried M. Heuer London, June 2010 Introduction `The angel of history'1 `The past and the present are entwined like lovers in an embrace' 2 Gottfried M. Heuer We create the meaning of events. [. . .] The meaning of events is the way to salvation you create. The meaning of events comes from the possibility of life in this world that you create. [. . . It] is not in events, and not in the soul, but is the God standing between events and the soul, the mediator of life, the way, the bridge, and the going across. C. G. Jung (2009: 239) This volume presents a multi-faceted, interdisciplinary and international approach by authors from six countries and three continents to the theme of Psychoanalysis, History and the Father and the ways in which each of these impacts on the other with the explicit aim of furthering individual and collective growth and healing. As each is seen in the alive ¯uidity of its changing reality, a pluralistic approach is required. Unavoidably, this creates certain overlaps, yet within the context of the individual text, each contributes to a unique perspective and thus ful®ls an important function. Taken together as a whole, these individual voices of the different authors collectively are `looking back towards the future', as it were, in the way the philosopher Walter Benjamin spoke of `the angel of history': His face is turned towards the past. [. . .] The angel would like to stay, awaken the dead, and make whole what has been smashed. But a storm is blowing from Paradise, it has got caught in his wings [. . .] that the angel can no longer close them. The storm irresistibly propels him into the future to which his back is turned. (Benjamin 1940: 259±260) In this respect there is an important parallel with analytic clinical work. The continuation of the psychoanalytic revolution which Otto Gross started by sowing the seeds of change from a hierarchical ± I might also say `patriarchal' ± and authoritarian analyst±patient relationship of the

Author Gottfried Heuer Isbn 9780415570442 File size 2.4 MB Year 2011 Pages 312 Language English File format PDF Category Psychology Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare The ideas of psychoanalyst Otto Gross (1877-1920) have had a seminal influence on the development of psychoanalytic theory and clinical practice and yet his work has been largely overlooked. For Freud, he was one of only two analysts ‘capable of making an original contribution’ (Jung was the other), and Jung called Gross ‘my twin brother’ in the course of their mutual analysis. This is a major interdisciplinary enquiry into the history, nature and plausibility of the idea of a ‘sexual revolution’, drawing also on the related fields of history, law, criminology, literature, sociology and philosophy. Divided into four parts and offering an interdisciplinary and international range of contributors, areas of discussion include: * a contemporary perspective on sexual revolutions * the broad influence of Otto Gross * the father/son conflict * a Jungian perspective on history. Sexual Revolutions introduces Gross’ work to the academic and clinical fields of psychoanalysis and Jungian analysis. Although most people associate the term with the 1960s, its foundations lie in the long-neglected but sensational work of the early psychoanalyst Otto Gross. This book will be essential reading for all psychoanalysts and Jungian analysts with an interest in learning more about his work.       Download (2.4 MB) Understanding Dreams In Clinical Practice Deconstructing Normativity? On Sublimation: A Path To The Destiny Of Desire, Theory, And Treatment Landscapes Of The Dark: History, Trauma, Psychoanalysis Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts on the Theory of Instincts (Volume 3) Load more posts

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