Learn Bruges Lace by Ellen Gormley


2756a7a68a1f383.jpg Author Ellen Gormley
Isbn 9781596355477
File size 8.6 MB
Year 2012
Pages 56
Language English
File format PDF
Category design


 

Introduction O rnate lacework called “bobbin lace” originated in Brugge, Belgium. In the early 1700s, the Sisters Apostoline religious order began teaching the complex and beautiful lacework in a monastery in that region. In the bobbin lace technique, multiple strands of thread are tied one strand per heavy bobbin handle. The bobbins are twisted, turned and moved over and under one another, forming the complex lace patterns. Pins are placed periodically in the lace to hold the structure temporarily onto the paper pattern that lies beneath. The method has a woven look to it when the bobbins are almost braided over and under in a complex order. It is believed that many lace variations evolved from the early bobbin lace patterns. One of the variations is called Bruges lace. (“Bruges” is pronounced “broozh;” it is the French name for the Belgium city of Brugge.) This technique uses a crochet hook and thread rather than bobbins and pins. It may have been developed as late as the 1930s, though there is little literature to explain the evolution between bobbin lace to modern Bruges lace. In Bruges lace, long strips of short rows are made and connected as they are worked. The strips, usually referred to as tapes or ribbons, may be connected to chain spaces on previous rows to make turns, waves and curves for a serpentine appearance (as seen in the Spiral Cowl project), or they may be connected to separate tapes (as seen in the Bonus Scarf) or connect to motifs (as seen in the Pea Pod Scarf). A typical Bruges lace tape has three elements: the short rows of stitches, which make up the body of the “tape;” the chain loops at the side of the rows, which are sometimes called “arches;” and the joins to other tapes or motifs, which are sometimes called “crosses.” Tapes and motifs are joined to other pieces by slip stitching into the chain loops on the sides of the rows. Tapes can also be joined with taller stitches, treble stitches or a combination of chains and taller stitches (as seen in the Dune Throw). Traditionally, most forms of lace are made with one neutral color. Because Bruges lace can be made in pieces and units, it’s easy to incorporate multiple colors. When a Bruges lace project is made in all one color, there is an illusion of an allover cohesive fabric where it is difficult to see where one piece ends and another begins. A Special Thank you I was first introduced to Bruges lace by designer/ teacher Susan Lowman. I was fortunate to take an introductory course to Bruges lace with Susan in 2010. I want to say a special thank you to Susan for her inspiration and knowledge. Learn Bruges Lace TM by ellen gormle y STITCH PATTERNS 4 5 6 7 8 9 11 14 16 18 Traditional Tape Filet Tape Chain Space Tape Shell Tape Back Loop Only Tape Increasing Tape Decreasing Tape Arch Circle Wave PROJECTS 20 24 27 31 34 41 45 51 54 55 Pea Pod Scarf Departure Bracelet Spiral Down Hat Toddler Hat Spiral Cowl Adult Hat Dune Throw Bonus Scarf Metric Conversion Charts Stitch Guide contents 4 Traditional Tape Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lp) (see Photo 1), dc in each of next 3 chs, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 4 dc, ch 5 (see Photo 2), turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Rows 3–7: Rep row 2. At end of last row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. ■ 4 Photo 1 3 2 1 Traditional Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Double crochet (dc) Photo 2 5 Filet Tape Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 10. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lp), [ch 1, sk 1 ch, dc in next ch] twice, ch 5 (see Photo 1), turn. (3 dc, 2 ch-1 sps, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, [dc in next dc, ch 1, sk 1 ch-1 sp] twice, dc in last dc, ch 5 (see Photo 2), turn. (3 dc, 2 ch-1 sps, 1 ch-5 lp) Rows 3–8: Rep row 2. At end of last row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. ■ 4 Photo 1 3 2 1 Filet Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Photo 2 Double crochet (dc) 6 Chain Space Tape Instructions Foundation ch: Ch 10. Row 1: Dc in 6th ch from hook and in next ch, ch 1, sk 1 ch, dc in each of last 2 chs, ch 5, turn (see Photo 1). (4 dc, 1 ch-1 sp, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc (see Photo 2), ch 1, sk ch-1 sp, dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-1 sp, 1 ch-5 lp) Rows 3–7: Rep row 2 (see Photo 3). At end of last row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. ■ 4 Photo 1 3 2 1 Chain Space Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Photo 2 Ph oto 3 Double crochet (dc) 7 Shell Tape SPECIAL STITCH Shell: 3 dc in indicated st. Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 10. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook, sk 1 ch, 3 dc in next ch, sk 1 ch, dc in last ch, ch 5, turn (see Photo 1). (2 dc, 1 shell) Row 2 (WS): Dc in first dc, sk 1 dc, shell in next dc, sk 1 dc, dc in last dc, ch 5, turn. (1 shell, 2 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 3: Sk ch-5 sp, dc in first st, shell in middle st of next shell, dc in last dc, ch 5, turn. Rows 4–6: Rep row 3. At end of last row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. ■ 4 3 2 1 Shell Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Photo 1 Double crochet (dc) 8 Back Loop Only Tape Instructions Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in the 6th ch from the hook and in each of next 3 dc, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Working in back lps (see Stitch Guide), sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 4 dc, ch 5 (see Photo 1), turn. Rows 3–5: Rep row 2. At end of last row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. ■ 4 3 2 1 Back Loop Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Double crochet (dc) Photo 1 Worked in back lp only 9 Increasing Tape Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 6. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lp), ch 5 (see Photo 1), turn. (1 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, 2 dc in next dc, ch 5 (see Row 5: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 3 dc, ch 5 Row 3: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each dc across, ch 5 (see Row 6: Sk ch-5 lp, 2 dc in next dc, dc in each of Row 4: Sk ch-5 lp, 2 dc in next dc, dc in next dc, Row 7: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 4 dc, ch 5 Photo 2), turn. (2 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Photo 3), turn. (2 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) ch 5 (see Photo 4), turn. (3 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Photo 1 (see Photo 5), turn. (3 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) next 2 dc, ch 5 (see Photo 6), turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) (see Photo 7), turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Ph oto 2 10 8 Row 8: Sk ch-5 lp, 2 dc in next dc, dc in each of 7 next 3 dc, turn. Fasten off. (5 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) ■ 6 5 4 3 2 1 Increasing Tape Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Photo 3 Ph oto 4 Photo 5 Ph oto 6 Double crochet (dc) Ph oto 7 11 Decreasing Tape Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lp) and dc in each of next 3 chs, ch 5 (see Photo 1), turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, dc dec (see Photo 2 on this page and Photo 3 on next page) (see Stitch Photo 1 Ph oto 2 12 Guide), dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5 (see Photo 4), turn. (3 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 3: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 3 sts, ch 5 (see Photo 5), turn. (3 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 4: Sk ch-5 lp, dc dec, dc in last dc, ch 5 (see Photo 6), turn. (2 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 5: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 sts, ch 5 (see Photo 7), turn. (2 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Photo 3 Ph oto 4 Photo 5 Ph oto 6 13 Row 6: Sk ch-5 lp, dc dec (see Photo 8), ch 5, 7 turn. (1 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) 6 Row 7: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in last dc (see Photo 9), turn. Fasten off. (1 dc) ■ 5 4 3 STITCH KEY Chain (ch) 2 Double crochet (dc) 1 Double crochet decrease (dc dec) Decreasing Tape Symbol Diagram Photo 7 Phot o 8 Ph oto 9 14 Arch Instructions Arch Turning Left Note: When following the instructions below if you are right handed, the tape will turn left. If you are left handed, following these same instructions, the tape will turn right. Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lps), dc in next ch, hdc in next ch, sc in last ch (see Photo 1), ch 1, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) Note: There is a ch-5 side that began the arch, but it does not belong in the st count for row 1. Sides are made at the end of the row. In this case, there are no ch-5 side lps on the inside of the arch. Photo 1 Row 2 (WS): Sk turning ch-1, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5 (see Photo 2), turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 side lp). Row 3 (RS): Sk ch-5, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in last sc (see Photo 3), ch 1, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) Ph oto 2 15 Rows 4–11: [Rep rows 2 and 3 alternately] 4 times. Row 12: Rep row 2. At end of row, do not ch 5. Fasten off. Arch Turning Right Note: When following the instructions below if you are right handed, the tape will turn right. If you are left handed, following these same instructions, the tape will turn left. Foundation ch: Ch 5. Row 1 (RS): Sc in 2nd ch from hook, hdc in next ch, dc in each of last 2 chs, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5) Photo 3 Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in last sc, ch 1, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) Row 3 (RS): Sk turning ch-1, sc in next sc, hdc in 7 next hdc, dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5) 5 Rows 4–11: [Rep rows 2 and 3 alternately] 9 8 4 times. 3 6 Row 12: Rep row 2. At end of row, do not ch 5. 4 11 Fasten off. ■ 10 2 1 12 6 4 Arch Symbol Diagram Arch turning left 10 5 STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Single crochet (sc) Half double crochet (hdc) Double crochet (dc) 8 2 7 9 3 11 12 1 Arch Symbol Diagram Arch turning right 16 Circle Instructions Circle Turning Left (for right-handed stitchers—shown) Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook (the sk 5 chs become the side lp), dc in next ch, hdc in next ch, sc in last ch, ch 1, turn (see Photo 1). (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) Note: There is a ch-5 side lp that began the arch, but it does not belong in the st count for row 1. Side lps are made at the end of the row. In this case, there are no ch-5 side lps on the inside of the circle. Row 2 (WS): Sk turning ch-1, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 side lp) Row 3 (RS): Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in last sc, ch 1, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) Photo 1 Rows 4–15: [Rep rows 2 and 3 alternately] 6 times (see Photo 2). Row 16: Rep row 2 (see Photo 3). At end of row, do not ch 5. Circle Turning Right (for right-handed stitchers) Foundation ch: Ch 5. Row 1 (RS): Sc in 2nd ch from hook, hdc in next Ph oto 2 17 Photo 3 Ph oto 4 ch, dc in each of last 2 chs, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) 5 3 Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, 7 hdc in next hdc, sc in last sc, ch 1, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc) 6 Row 3 (RS): Sk ch-1 turning ch, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of last 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) 4 2 9 16 10 12 Rows 4–15: [Rep rows 2 and 3 alternately] 14 6 times. Row 16: Rep row 2. At end of row, do not ch 5. Fasten off, leaving an 8-inch tail. Align row 16 with row 1, taking care not to twist. With yarn tail and tapestry needle, sew row 16 to row 1 (see Photo 4). If there are ch lps on the inside of the circle, weave yarn tail through the inner lps, pull to tighten. ■ 1 8 15 11 13 Circle Symbol Diagram STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Single crochet (sc) Half double crochet (hdc) Double crochet (dc) 18 Wave Instructions Note: The ch-5 lp is made at the end of the row; this will be critical when working into ch-5 side lps for patterns. Foundation ch: Ch 9. Row 1 (RS): Dc in 6th ch from hook and in each of next 3 chs, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 2 (WS): Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next dc, sc in next dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 3: Sk ch-5 lp, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of next 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 4: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in next sc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, ch-5 lp) Row 5: Sk ch-5 lp, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of next 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 6: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in next sc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 7: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 4 sts, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 8: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 4 dc, ch 5, turn. (4 dc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 9: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in Row 10: Sk ch-5 lp, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of next 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 11: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in next sc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 12: Sk ch-5 lp, sc in next sc, hdc in next hdc, dc in each of next 2 dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) Row 13: Sk ch-5 lp, dc in each of next 2 dc, hdc in next hdc, sc in next sc. Fasten off. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) ■ next dc, sc in next dc, ch 5, turn. (2 dc, 1 hdc, 1 sc, 1 ch-5 lp) 19 13 12 11 STITCH KEY Chain (ch) Single crochet (sc) 10 9 8 Half double crochet (hdc) Double crochet (dc) 7 6 5 4 3 1 2 Wave Symbol Diagram

Author Ellen Gormley Isbn 9781596355477 File size 8.6 MB Year 2012 Pages 56 Language English File format PDF Category Design Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare Replicating the beauty and elegance of vintage lace is made easy with this how-to book on the popular technique of Bruges lace. It is a style most often used in garment design because the pieces can be made in smaller sections or motifs then joined to make one large project or added to larger projects, making them portable and easy to incorporate multiple colors. The greatest thing about modern Bruges lace is that amazing results are possible with very basic crochet stitches. This book includes eight beautiful designs with step-by-step photo instructions. DK, sport, and medium worsted-weight yarns are used to make these designs that both beginner and intermediate crocheters will love.     Download (8.6 MB) Crochet So Lovely: 21 Carefree Lace Designs Vintage Modern Crochet Carry Alongs: 15 Crochet Handbags & Purses for Every Occasion Crochet the Complete Guide Crochet Therapy: The Soothing Art of Savoring Each Stitch Load more posts

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