Graphic Design in Architecture by Jie Zhou


3956e9714489189.jpeg Author Jie Zhou
Isbn 9789881973931
File size 49 Mb
Year 2011
Pages 800
Language English
File format PDF
Category design



 

GRAPHIC DESIGN IN ARCHITECTURE 建筑环境平面设计 周洁 关木子 高哲 王丽颖/编 贺丽/译 辽宁科学技术出版社 CONTENTS >> 目录 004 PERFACE >> 前言 006 COMMERCIAL >> 商业建筑 008 酒店、度假村和商店 World Square Car Park 084 MEDICAL >> 医疗建筑 086 世界广场停车场 014 Hill Country Galleria Bellevue Square Renovation 090 Metropolis Mall 094 360º Mall 360 030 。 098 102 Ingelsta Shopping Centre 104 Ticket Shop 108 Pressbyrån Rerail Store 112 Stadsschouwburg Aarlem Theatre 哈莱姆城市剧院 046 Annenberg Community Beach House 144 CHOC Children’s Hospital Life Science Plaza Nationwide Children’s Hospital 118 Auburn Hospital The Texas Medical Centre 152 156 Migros Do IT + GARDEN Retail Chain Moskau Orientation System 164 得克萨斯州医学中心 168 Dot Shopping Centre 圆点购物中心 064 Galerias Pacifico Shopping Centre Port Imperial Ferry Terminal 198 St.Gallen Brühlto – Passage 200 Willawong Bus Depot 206 BikeWay in Lisbon 210 Stadium Outlet John F. Kennedy International Airport 214 Granngarden Country Life Stores San Bernardino International Airport 218 China Town Mall Connect Sheffield Pedestrian System 222 Westfield Shopping Centre 韦斯特菲尔德购物中心 082 280 Mirvac Western Australia Mirvac Sydney Sydney Water Parramatta Office of Chief Medical Examiner Schomburg Centre for Research in Black Culture Steiner Studios Van Nuys Fly away 226 One Raffles Quay 284 230 Hearst Corporation Headquarters 290 234 Grey Group 294 Naumburg Historical City Centre 238 MYER Office 298 2101 L Street 302 The Monarch 306 TAP 310 The California Endowment 314 Yahoo! 雅虎公司总部 Maison Corbeil Furniture Retailer 迈松•科贝伊家具零售店 430 INDEX >> 索引 Tempe Centre for the Arts George Sim Community Centre San Leandro Senior Community Centre Museum of East The McNay Art Museum Experimental Media Performing Arts Centre Two Times 318 Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek 364 National Media Museum 368 WoodsEdge Community Church 372 Australian Museum 376 University of Greenwich 384 Marin Health & Wellness Campus 388 Achievement First Endeavor Middle School 奋进中学 Thurgau County Library 图尔高州图书馆 394 The Rockefeller University 洛克菲勒大学 398 Citi Field 华旗棒球场 402 New Meadowlands Stadium 新梅多兰兹体育场 406 Twickenham Stadium 特威克纳姆体育场 412 Yankee Stadium 洋基球场 416 The New York Jets Training Centre 纽约喷气机队训练中心 422 马林健康与保健中心 340 Tustin Library 塔斯廷图书馆 格林威治大学 336 Panta Rhei Public School 阿姆斯特尔芬Panta Rhei 公共学校 澳大利亚博物馆 334 Yale University 耶鲁大学 伍德•埃奇社区教堂 330 Miniature Campus 迷你校园 国家媒体博物馆 326 Scales – Private Cramming School “刻度”私立补习学校 纽约嘉士伯艺术博物馆 322 Business School Campus of University College 都柏林大学商学院 “两次”艺术画廊 美国加州捐赠基金大厦 258 360 实验媒体表演艺术中心 TAP大楼 254 Divus Vespasianus University College Dublin Library 都柏林大学图书馆 麦克奈艺术博物馆 帝王大厦 250 356 东方博物馆 2101 L大街 246 L’atelire Cultural Centre Culcheth High School Culcheth高级中学 圣•林德罗老年社区中心 玛雅办公大楼 242 352 乔治•希姆社区中心 葛瑞集团 瑙姆堡历史城市中心 Parcours Des Rescapes Southbank Institute of Technology 南岸技术学院 坦佩艺术中心 赫斯特公司总部 Rapid Rail Network in Gauteng 348 卫斯巴襄时期考古展 莱佛士一号码头 City of Mound/Mound Habour District Glasgow Science Centre The Cooper Union 库珀联盟 L’atelire文化中心 施泰纳工作室 中国城购物商场 078 L144 – The Foundry 344 幸存之路 尚博格黑人文化研究中心 格兰花园乡村生活商店 076 274 首席法医办公楼 体育场名品折扣店 072 Dtac House Zeche Zollverein 格拉斯哥科学中心 悉尼帕拉马塔水务公司 格莱丽丝•帕奇菲科购物中心 068 270 悉尼Mirvac集团 豪登省快速铁路网 176 The Toy Manufacturing Company Schleich 学校、图书馆、博物馆和体育场 德国矿业同盟工业文化园区 西澳大利亚Mirvac集团 美国丘城/丘城港 174 264 L144 铸造厂 凡奈斯国际机场专用巴士 170 SA Water House 文化体育建筑 泰国电信公司 联合谢菲尔德步行系统 米格罗自助产品零售连锁店 058 192 圣•贝纳迪诺国际机场 莫斯库亚定位系统 054 Amtrak Acela Stations 约翰F.肯尼迪国际机场 160 办公大楼、工作室和公司 施莱西玩具制造公司 里斯本自行车道 安纳伯格社区海滨别墅 050 188 威劳巴士车站 奥本医院 124 Tren de la Costa 圣•加仑布鲁赫尔-通道 148 262 CULTURE & SPORT >> 南澳大利亚水利公司 美国新泽西威霍肯帝国联运码头 全国儿童医院 Pressbyran零售店 044 The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Centre 142 Children's Hospital Boston 184 特拉克车站 生命科学广场 票务商店 042 138 乔科省儿童医院 英杰尔斯塔购物中心 038 Lance ArmstrongCancer Foundation Buenos Aires Underground Subte 办公建筑 全•德•拉•科斯塔观光火车 波士顿儿童医院 亚莉克莎购物中心 034 134 美国得克萨斯大学安德森癌症医学中心 商城 Alexa Shopping Centre Nursing Home Pflegezentrum Baar 机场、火车站和汽车站 182 OFFICE >> 布宜诺斯艾利斯地铁 兰斯•阿姆斯特朗癌症基金会 大都会购物中心 026 130 巴尔家庭护理中心 贝勒维广场改造工程 022 The Zug Cantonal Hospital 交通建筑 楚格州立医院 希尔・康特利广场 018 医院、疗养院和医学研究中心 128 TRANSPORT >> Falls Creek 福尔斯•克里克高山度假村 426 Moreton Bay Cycleway 摩顿湾自行车道 PERFACE >> 前言 Not long ago, graphic design in architecture was only thought of as much more diverse. Potential cultural issues need to be accounted for in putting up signs to a building after it was designed and mostly built. It was the potential viewing audiences of these graphics, as colours, forms and a necessity, but was mostly considered as a visual distraction from the other visual aspects are often as large of a communication factor as the overall design statement. words contained on the signs. Then, groundbreaking designers and firms such as Masimo Vignelli, Also, environmental graphics can be just signs, and we need signs. Chermayeff & Geismar, John Follis and the GNU Group designed a We need to know that is a one-way street, that an alarm will go off if number of groundbreaking projects, which began the conversation that we go out that door, that this is a wheelchair accessible entrance, that graphics could be an important part of the overall architectural design procedures need to be followed at security checkpoints and that this is statement. our seat at a sporting event. But even these mundane elements, that we mostly perceive as important visual clutter, can become environmental Those who ventured into this new field were from diverse backgrounds graphics, when the designers take the time to consider all of the needs including graphic design, architecture, interior design, industrial design, of those who will use their buildings. All of the potential audiences of this fashion design and others. This spoke to the wide variety of skills needed information need to be considered, from those that work in the space for this form of design, but also suggested that environmental graphics every day, to those that are visiting for the first time. Flexibility is important could be approached from a number of starting points. in many types of sign elements, as informational needs change as the functions that buildings support evolve. Now, graphic design is considered a key element in the overall success in the design of commercial architecture. As urban areas become more Graphics for architecture need to be designed with careful consideration, populated, high quality environmental graphics are very important in as the product of this design is much more permanent in nature than differentiating one office building from another, in suggesting a feeling of in other areas of graphic design. Graphic objects that are initially a quality or progressiveness to clients, of reinforcing a new brand direction, spectacular landmark can become visual blight over time if too much or in helping you to make it to your flight on time. emphasis is placed on the expression of a design concept of the moment. This of course is an important consideration in the larger picture of Graphic designers are brought into project in earlier stages of design, architectural design also, so project design teams must always stay with graphics often considered a significant part of the basic design focused on both how the objects they design will look and function in 10 approach. Many architects now embrace graphics in the conceptualisation years, not just at the grand opening. This requirement varies depending of buildings and spaces, acknowledging their important role in the on the type of architecture, as retail venues look to visually refresh their expression of a design, and as a key element in tying together the shopping centres frequently, while public buildings need to stand the test function of their buildings with the humans that will inhabit them. of time. 最初,在大多数人看来,建筑环境平面设计仅仅是建筑在设计或 竣工之后所进行的标志设置而已,必需,但无非是整体设计陈述 中一种分散注意力的手段而已。 然而,随着一些“大胆”设计师和设计公司,诸如马西莫•维戈 纳里,谢苗耶夫与盖斯马设计事务所、约翰•福利斯以及GNU设 计集团等大量创意性设计作品的问世,环境平面设计在整个建筑 设计中的重要地位逐渐显现出来。 开发这个新领域的“冒险者”来自不同的背景,涉及平面设计、 建筑、室内设计、工业设计、服装设计等。这就意味着这些多样 化的设计技能均与环境导向标识设计密不可分。 如今,平面图形设计已被公认为商业建筑设计能否取得成功的关 键因素。随着城市化节奏的加快,城市/建筑空间复制式地高速发 展,环境导向标识扮演的角色也越来越重要。一流的环境导向标 识不仅能够作为办公空间的一面旗帜,还能够为客户营造高品质 感,强化品牌导向,同时为人们提供准确的指向,帮助人们顺利 抵达目的地。 constantly evolving field, and one that I am happy to be a part of. The graphics in navigating complex spaces, enlivening daily experiences, and speed of this evolution requires one to keep up with trends in technology, making architecture more accessible to those with disabilities or special construction, communications, fashion and culture, as some or all of needs. The explosion of graphic design in the media has made us all these can provide important insites that lead to the right design solution much more knowledgeable and sophisticated consumers of this visual for a project. data, and requires that environmental graphics communicate the right message on a number of levels. 公众、消费者和工作人员都深知导航图标在复杂的空间中的重要 性,它不仅能够为日常生活增添活力,同时为残障人士或有特殊 需要的人提供便利条件。平面设计媒体的蓬勃发展,使人们对这 一可视数据了解的更为深刻,消费方式更加成熟,对环境导向标 识正确信息传达的多样化呼声也越来越高。 环境导向标识的设计要求具备功能性、可视性、独特性、可操作 性,能够使人们的生活更轻松、更愉快。它们能够将繁琐的空间 简化,令普通的空间盈满丰富的视觉化效果;能够提供新的视角 和观点,并缓解人们紧张的心境;能够以一种新的方式激发人们 发现和经历之感,唤醒人们的智趣和情感,加深彼此的了解,从 而加强人与人之间的沟通。 Graphic Design in Architecture provides an extensive current snapshot of the range of work being done in this vital field of design, by a number of Environmental graphics are expected to be functional, visible, unique, today’s leading design firms. We hope that you enjoy this book and that it manageable and hopefully to make our life easier and more enjoyable. inspires you to further investigate the great work being done in this field. They can do the important task of breaking down complexity into small 随着世界发展的日新月异,视觉传达的观众也逐渐多样化,这对 平面设计来说是一个挑战。在设计过程中,需要考虑潜在的文化 问题。因为色彩、形态以及其他视觉元素往往在标志的设计语言 中扮演了重要角色。 bites, or to lend visual richness to an otherwise uninspiring space. They can provide information that can give new perspective and understanding, and can ease people’s minds in stressful situations. They can stimulate a feeling of discovery and experiencing things in a new way. They can bring focus to people’s intellects and emotions, deepening understanding, and connecting with others. As the world becomes more mobile, graphics need to be more carefully considered, as the audience for these visual communications is becoming Tom Donnelly GNU Group 《建筑环境平面设计》这本书汇集了当今建筑环境平面设计领域 的优秀设计师及其作品,我们希望您能够喜欢这本书,能够为您 在这个领域进一步探讨和研究提供灵感。 平面设计作为基础设计方法的一个重要部分,平面设计师在设计 的初级阶段即参与到设计之中。许多建筑设计师将环境平面设计 归为建筑物和空间概念化的一部分,意识到它们在整体设计表达 中的重要角色,以及在整个建筑功能性与用户之间的纽带作用。 All of these factors make graphics in architecture a challenging and The public, consumers and workers understand the importance of 建筑的平面设计必须谨慎,因为这种设计产品与其他平面设计领 域相比更长久。一个优秀的建筑平面设计可以成为一个独特的地 标,而过分的强调反而会加重设计理念表达的负担。从建筑设计 的大局出发,这当然是一个值得重视的课题,所以项目设计团队 必须兼顾平面设计的形态和未来十年间的功能性发展,其扮演的 角色绝非随着隆重开幕式的结束而结束。这一要求取决于建筑类 型,如零售空间需要不断地翻新店面以吸引顾客的目光,而公共 建筑需要经得起时间的考验。所有这些因素使得建筑的平面设计 成为一个极具挑战性、不断发展的领域,有幸我也是该领域的成 员。这种日新月异的转变要求人们跟上科技、建筑、通讯、时尚 和文化的步伐,因为它们中的一些或全部能够为一个优秀的项目 设计方法提供有效途径。 同时,环境导向标识可以仅仅是标志,我们需要标志。我们需要 依靠标志了解单行线、报警门、轮椅通道入口处、安检位置、体 育赛事席位等等。这些看似普通的设计元素,当设计师站在用户 的角度设计建筑时,这些元素都将转化为环境导向标识。该信息 所有的潜在用户,无论是每天穿梭在大楼中的工作人员,还是来 去匆忙的访客,都应被考虑其中。对于许多类型的标志元素,灵 活性是必不可少的,因为随着建筑功能的改变,信息也需要相应 地做出调整。 汤姆•唐纳利 GNU集团 COMMERCIAL >> 商业 商业导向系统和环境导向标识的设计原则 The Principles of Commercial Wayfinding and Environmental Graphic Design In any building, especially public spaces, people need continual “direction” familiar with each location. so they can find the way to their destination. The same is true for outdoor spaces such as pedestrian malls, zoological parks – even roadways. A key element of interior signage is the “directory sign”, which provides 在任何建筑中,特别是公共场所,人们需要连续的“方向”指 引,以确保在复杂的空间中快速、顺利地找到目的地。室外空 间,诸如商场、动物园公园、步行街亦如此。 even more details about the space as a visitor walks up to the sign. The science of the design, manufacture and installation of these “sensory These signs need to be located close to entrances and at major decision cues” is called wayfinding, and it involves a discipline called “environmental points throughout the space. Successful directory signage is based on graphic design”. the designer's ability to depict complex elements of an environment in a simple, universally-understandable manner. Directory signs and “maps” Effective signage design and signage placement is essential for the should be based on the viewer's orientation within a space, rather than a success of any commercial project.User-friendly navigational systems "compass north" orientation, which can be confusing to first time visitors. must provide simple, logical guidance for users.Ideally, these systems will also integrate seamlessly with the brand and with the architectural More use is being made these days of international pictograms, multi- elements, and feel of the space. lingual elements and universally-familiar images on signs. These elements can minimise clutter on maps and signs while effectively communicating Functional wayfinding systems work in conjunction with architectural key public destinations such as restrooms, elevators, information kiosks landmarks. For example, major entrance areas in shopping centres and and stairs. hotels frequently have prominent names, colours, materials, art and/or sculptural elements, providing location cues that support wayfinding. Experienced wayfinding and environmental graphic design professionals 这些“感官提示”的科学设计、制作和安装被称之为导向系统, 其涉及的一个学科被称之为“环境导向标识设计”。 有效的标识设计及引导标示在任何商业项目之中扮演的角色极为 重要。亲切的导航系统能够为用户提供简单、富有极强逻辑性的 导向。理想的情况下,这些系统也将与品牌和建筑元素以及空间 氛围自然融为一体,毫无突兀之感。 导向系统的功能性扮演了建筑地标的角色。例如,在大型商场和 酒店门口经常设有特别的区域名称、色彩、材料、艺术或雕塑 品,作为区别于其他空间的象征,同时发挥导向的作用。 通常情况下,最简单、功能最全的导向系统是经验丰富的环境导 向设计师与导向专家的共同研究成果。 目前,标示采用了国际象形、多语言的元素和大众化图像等元 素。这些元素可以最大限度地减少不同地图和标示引发的混乱, 同时将卫生间、电梯、信息台和楼梯等重点公共空间进行有效的 传达。 经验丰富的导向和环境导向标识设计专业人士为打造一个成功的 项目,通常需要进行多步骤的设计过程。 第一步,设计分析和总体规划,涉及空间的综合介绍、监管规 则、术语、交通模式等;第二步,包括原理图设计及设计文件、 场地规划、信息日程表、预算和抽样调查等;第三步,涉及施工 文件;最后一步是建设管理和监督。 总之,环境引导标识设计与导向设计是一个非常复杂的过程,需 要进行周密的思考、良好的团队合作环境、充足的研究、规划以 及丰富的品牌知识。 typically undertake a multi-step process in order to deliver a successful Usually, the simplest and most functional wayfinding systems are the project. result of a great deal of planning on the part of experienced environmental graphic designers and wayfinding experts. Step one involves analysis and master-planning including orientation meetings, regulatory rules, terminology, traffic patterns, etc. Step Exterior signage is typically the most visible component of a wayfinding two includes schematic design and design documentation, location project, especially in an area with both vehicular and pedestrian traffic. plans, message schedules, budgeting and sample work. Step three It’s essential that this signage be minimal, yet very clear, so as to guide involves construction documentation, and the final step is construction visitors safely into the environment at critical decision points. Such administration and supervision. signage should also be memorable, should complement the surrounding architecture, and should support the brand. 同样,对于每一个单独标示的设计和设置在真正完成之前都需要 进行周密的思考和规划。访客的安全性极为重要,因此,所有 的外部标志为用户提供一个清晰、可靠的导航路径才是设计的根 本。 理查德•朗 视觉传达公司 In summary, environmental graphic and wayfinding design is a very involved process requiring a great deal of thought, teamwork, research, Again, thinking and planning for each individual sign and its placement is 外部标志通常是一个导向项目最明显的部分,多出现在车辆和行 人较为密集的交通区。设计风格简约、清晰,旨在引导访客安 全抵达目的地。这种标志也应该具有独特性,与周边建筑衔接自 然,并对品牌提供支撑。 planning and a knowledge of branding. critical before the actual design of the signage can be completed. It’s very important to the visitor experience – and for safety – that all exterior signs provide users with a clear, confident navigation path. 在访客安全抵达目的地之后,附属的引导标示,如停车位所在 地、具体的建筑入口、走道、电梯、配送区域等等也必不可少。 此外,一个区域还必须提供具体的目的地信息。与室外引导标示 相同,层次化室内引导标示也是室内空间中不可或缺的。室内标 示类型包括建筑、大堂、楼层号牌、分楼层索引牌和方向标志及 管理标志等。 Once inside a facility, even more specific destination information must be provided. As with exterior wayfinding, a hierarchy of signage is essential to interior wayfinding. Interior sign type categories include building, lobby, floor identification, directory and directional signage and regulatory signage. Richard Lang Visual Communications, Inc 零售店面是商场或远程站点的最终目的地。引导标示是整个标牌 设计的一小部分,通过精致材料的选用和橱窗陈列的设置吸引潜 在消费者的目光。零售店面设计和标志的一致性旨在为多家经营 店或连锁店提供一个统一的品牌理念。有效的标示设计能够让购 物者迅速识别品牌,在每家店中都能寻找到舒适、亲切之感。 Retail storefronts are the final destination in shopping centres or at 室内引导标示的一个关键因素是“目录符号”,为访客提供空间 的细节信息。这些标志通常靠近入口,位于空间的转折点。成功 的标志是凭借设计师高明设计手段将复杂的环境用一个简单、通 俗易懂的方式表现出来。引导标示和“地图”的设计应以访客的 方向为出发点,而非“罗盘北向” ,因为后者会令首次访问者产 生困惑。 remote sites. The signage for a storefront is a small part of the overall fascia design, which includes a combination of architectural materials and display windows intended to catch the potential shoppers’ attention. Consistency in retail storefront design and signage is intended to provide consistent branding for multiple or chain stores. Effective signage enables the shopper to quickly identify the brand and feel comfortable and 006 007 World Square Car Park >> BrandCulture were intent on turning this around with the World 品牌文化设计公司应邀为世界广场停车场提供简洁、明了的汽车导向设 Square Car Park, by creating a welcoming environment that 计,从而营造出轻松、怡人的停车环境。世界广场停车场位于悉尼中央商 was simple to navigate and easy to understand. Located 业区核心地带,集多个地下停车场于一体,是澳大利亚规模最大的多功能 in the heart of Sydney’s CBD, the World Square Car Park 综合性设施。多方研究表明,停车场往往因为出口和应急设备标识的模糊 is an amalgamation of several car parks situated under the 设计而常常存在隐患。在该设计当中,设计师巧妙运用了认知绘图和循环 new developments that make-up the largest multi-functional 导航系统与综合性直观设计相结合的手法。通过两种方案的实施,为行人 complex in Australia. The research showed that car parks 营造了安全的步行环境。第一,设于机动车辆处的图标采用全高设计,字 were often quite dangerous and with poor identification of 体鲜明、色彩醒目;第二,在较高位置设置行人图标。这与全球其他地区 exits and emergency equipment. The designers applied 的停车场设计略为不同。同时,每一个平面设计元素、色彩和字体的运用 世界广场停车场 innovative wayfinding principles of cognitive mapping and 皆遵循简洁、一致的原则。可爱的超大楼层数字和图标与醒目的色彩完美 circulatory navigation combined with integrated and intuitive 融合,为抵达世界广场的驾驶员和行人提供准确指引。 design for the best outcome. The solution to the challenge for pedestrians came through establishing two lines of sight: the first visible from motor vehicles, using full height icons, giant type and bold colours; and the second from the more elevated position of a pedestrian standing. This experiential factor becames a differentiator between this car park and so many others around the globe. Meanwhile, every graphic element, colour placement and typography was considered for its ability to communicate information concisely and consistently. Playful, super-scaled level numbers and icon graphics were combined with blocks of bright, punchy an memorable colours to help orient drivers and pedestrians from the moment they arrive at World Square. Design Agency: BrandCulture Creative Director: Stephen Minning Design Director: Antonijo Bacic Photography: Kris Baum, Stephen Minning Client: World Square Location: Sydney, Australia Date: 2008 设计机构: 品牌文化 创意总监: 斯蒂芬•旻宁 设计总监: 安东尼奥•贝司克 摄影师: 克里斯•鲍姆,斯蒂芬•旻宁 客户: 世界广场 地点: 澳大利亚,悉尼 时间: 2008年 008 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 009 010 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 011 012 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 013 Hill Country Galleria >> The Hill Country Galleria is a mixed-use lifestyle centre on the 希尔•康特利广场是一个多功能生活中心,位于奥斯汀周边地区。RTKL联 edge of Austin.The client commissioned RTKL for graphics 合公司应邀为其提供平面和标识设计,旨在打造一个简明、易懂、实用的 and signage that would be straightforward and utilitarian 导航系统。该设计团队在确保设计的功能性与实用性的同时,注重整体空 and provide much-needed navigation. The design team saw 间感的塑造,以客户为出发点。最终的设计方案主题明确,彰显了独特的 an opportunity to take the assignment one step further and 奥斯汀地方气息。设计细节与连绵起伏的乡村山色相得益彰,材料选用了 created a solution that was functional and cost effective but 极富地方特色的白色石灰石、不锈钢人造抛光剂、外露螺栓等,色调的运 that also greatly contributed to the overall sense of place and 用极富农业气息。标志的设计灵感源自对传统牧场品牌的参考,简约而极 customer experience.The resulting programme reflects local 具表现力,贯穿整个环境之中。方向标志、停车标志、行人指南为人们营 Austin character without being overly thematic. Materials and 造了一个舒适、安逸、独特的空间环境。 希尔•康特利广场 details imitate the rolling countryside and feature local white limestone, rusted steel faux finishes, exposed bolts, and an agrarian based colour palette. The logo, inspired by traditional ranch brands, is simple, yet powerful, leaving a distinguished mark throughout the entire environment. Directional markers, parking signs and pedestrian directories form a space that feels comfortable and honest yet unique in character. Design Agency: RTKL Associates Inc. Photography: Jason Koenig Client: Opus West Corporation Location: Bee Cave, TX Date: 2008 设计机构: RTKL 联合公司 摄影师: 杰森•凯尼格 客户: 奥珀斯西部公司 地点: 美国,得克萨斯州蜜蜂洞 时间: 2008年 014 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 015 016 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 017 Bellevue Square Renovation >> Bellevue Square is a family-owned but nationally known 贝勒维广场是一个国内知名的家族式零售中心。RTKL 联合公司应邀为其 retail destination. RTKL was hired to renovate Bellevue 提供全新的导视设计以配合广场的扩建和由广场所有人开发的周边综合性 Square with the intent of upgrading its finishes to match the 项目。木料和玻璃的精心选用为原有的裸露混凝土廊柱和隔板增添了些许 design quality of a recent mall expansion and of adjacent 活力,将这个工业用地巧妙地转化为精致的商业空间。安装于凹槽和灯孔 new mixed-use projects developed by the mall's ownership. 中的新照明设备改善了一直以来困扰的光线不足问题,确保空间的明亮、 A restrained palette of wood and glass was strategically 通透。设计遵循简约、清晰的原则,并注重保持与原设计的连贯完整。 added to complement existing exposed concrete columns and RTKL 联合公司与曾在20世纪70年代设计贝勒维广场的当地建筑公司共同 bulkheads, transforming an industrial space into industrial chic. 合作,以确保改造后的空间能够获得贝勒维广场长期客户的支持。 贝勒维广场改造工程 mostly through the installation of indirect sources in coves and New lighting rectifies long-standing issues with dark areas, pockets. Great attention was paid to maintaining the simplicity and integrity of the original design. RTKL is working with the local architectural firm who first designed Bellevue Square in the 1970s to ensure that the transformed spaces are embraced by the long-standing and loyal clientele of Bellevue Square. Design Agency: RTKL Associates Inc. Photography: David Whitcomb Client: Bellevue Square Location: USA Date: 2009 设计机构: RTKL 联合公司 摄影师: 大卫•惠特科姆 客户: 贝勒维广场 地点: 美国 时间: 2009年 018 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 019 020 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 021 Metropolis Mall >> 大都会购物中心 Prominently located on major highway encircling Moscow, 大都会购物中心位于环莫斯科重要路段,是该城市新兴区域新一代商业发 Metropolis represents a new generation of commercial 展的代表,占地315,000平方米,集零售和办公空间于一体,旨在打造一个 development for a burgeoning region of the city. The 315,000- 充满现代气息的综合性应用环境,能够提供全天候服务,并与当地环境自 m 2 retail and office development had two goals – introduce 然融合。受城市中心环境的启发,大都会购物中心采用了露天街景模式。 a modern mixed-use environment that supports around-the- 与购物大道类似的零售走廊,运用精致的色彩、图案和装饰将每个店面转 clock activity while creating a sophisticated space that fits into 变成充满动感气息的外立面。各种建筑细节延续了户外活动中心的美学设 the local setting. 计理念,在零售区和三幢办公楼之间建立大型广场和花园以实现空间的完 Inspired by the energy of city centres, the design of Metropolis 美衔接。因坐落于交通主干道附近,该购物中心一直作为莫斯科市中心的 mimics an open-air street scene. Retail corridors that 延伸部分而备受瞩目。 resemble shopping boulevards employ colours, patterns and finishes to transform individual storefronts into dynamic facades. Various architecture details continue the aesthetic of an outdoor lifestyle centre including a grand plaza and garden that form a junction between the retail component and three office buildings. With close proximity to public transportation, Metropolis is a celebrated extension of downtown Moscow. Design Agency: RTKL Associates Inc. Photography: David Whitcomb Client: Capital Partners Location: Moscow, Russia Date: 2009 设计机构: RTKL联合公司 摄影师: 大卫•惠特科姆 客户: 资本伙伴公司 地点: 俄罗斯,莫斯科 时间: 2009年 022 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 023 024 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 025 360º Mall >> While retail developers and designers around the world strive 世界各地的零售开发商和设计师都希望能够打造出独特的购物环境,令顾 to create places that encourage visitors to linger and to return, 客流连忘返。而对于沙漠气候的中东地区来说,吸引常年处于室内而不愿 nowhere is this task more challenging than in the Middle East, 外出的人们尽情购物无疑是一项挑战。RTKL联合公司受360 º商城之邀为 where the harsh desert climate keeps residents indoors for the 其量身打造一个集零售、娱乐、休闲于一体的综合性空间作为室内文娱中 majority of the year. For the design of 360° Mall, RTKL was 心,并为当地居民和游客营造良好的社交和购物环境。 commissioned to create a hub of retail, entertainment, and 360 º商城占地13万平方米,位于两个主要公路的交汇处,独特的地理位 360。商城 leisure offerings that would act as an indoor civic centre and 置为其营造了非凡的自然与文化环境。360 º这个名称为设计元素、结构和 an extension of everyday living where residents and tourists 标志(运转的地球、罗盘上的指针)的应用提供了有效参考,彰显了浓郁 can gather to socialise and shop. 的阿拉伯导航艺术气息。精雕细琢的石灰石外墙由郁郁葱葱的园景和水景 The design of the 1.4 million sf centre, which is located at 环绕。在室内,参观者通过主入口进入到灵活的中心信息大厅,这里向人 the intersection of two major highways, is configured as a 们展示了该中心及其赞助商的相关信息和数据。零售区分为“昼之旅”和 journey that highlights the natural and cultural features of its “夜之旅”两个部分。每一部分的照明、平面设计、室内架构风格均与其 location. The name 360° guides all elements of the scheme 所在的区域相得益彰。在走廊的交汇处设有一个三层高的新月形中庭,其 and references organic and manmade symbols, from the 中设置的青铜遮屏再次传承了传统的阿拉伯图案艺术风格。 Design Agency: RTKL Associates Inc. Photography: Mitch Duncan Client: Tamdeen Location: Kuwait City, Kuwait Date: 2009 设计机构: RTKL联合公司 摄影师: 米奇•邓肯 客户: Tamdeen公司 地点: rotation of the Earth to the needle on a compass, an important reference to the historic Arabic art of navigation. The distinctive rounded exterior comprises a carved limestone façade surrounded by lush landscaping and water features. Inside, visitors progress through a main entry and into a techno hub, a versatile space designed to showcase information about the centre and its sponsors. The retail diagram unfolds in two opposing concourses, "day journey" and "night journey". The design elements in each concourse – from lighting to graphics to interior architecture – respond to the qualities implied by "day" and "night". At the intersection of the corridors, a threelevel crescent-shaped atrium features bronze screens that reinterpret traditional Arabic patterns. 科威特,科威特城 时间: 2009年 026 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 027 028 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 029 Alexa Shopping Centre >> In the heart of the former Soviet territory in East Berlin, RTKL 位于原东柏林地区核心地带的亚历山大广场,是二战前著名的柏林文化生 was commissioned to contribute to the redevelopment of 活中央广场。RTKL联合公司应广场之邀为其提供改造方案设计。作为设计 Alexanderplatz, a historic central plaza at the heart of Berlin 的结晶之一,亚莉克莎大型购物和娱乐中心以一个虚拟的勇敢而迷人的20 cultural life in the pre-WW2 era. The resulting design for 世纪20年代女性为设计原型,以唤起人们对该地区丰富艺术历史的思考。 "Alexa", a mixed-use retail and entertainment centre, uses a 亚莉克莎购物中心的内部架构和布局与建筑的外观遥相呼应,作为亚历山 daring, sophisticated 1920s woman as its fictional muse to 大广场规划的一处亮点。建筑顶层的两侧均设置了一个镀金“亚莉克莎” evoke the area's rich artistic past. 标志,内设电影院、保龄球馆、设备最先进的健身俱乐部。位于建筑低层 The interior architecture and layout of Alexa are reflective 的特色零售店和餐饮场所光线充足,色彩绚丽夺目,为空间增添了无限活 of its exterior, designed to establish the development as the 力。大型艺术装饰壁画和大胆前卫的独立式雕塑贯穿于整个建筑始终。玻 亚莉克莎购物中心 centrepiece of the square. The highest floor of the building, 璃天花板、大型门厅以及室内浓郁的艺术气息向人们展示了该中心的辉煌 topped off on two sides with a plated gold "Alexa" logo, 时代以及光明的未来。 contains a cineplex, bowling alley, and state-of-the-art health club. The lower floors are a stimulating mix of natural light and vibrant colours, populated with a variety of specialty retail and dining options. Throughout the building are large-scale art-deco murals and bold, freestanding sculptures. Encased by glass ceilings and wide, sweeping hallways, the artistic mood of the interior calls to mind the centre's heyday while establishing its promising future. Design Agency: RTKL Associates Inc. Photography: David Whitcomb Client: Alexa Shopping Centre Location: Berlin, Germany Date: 2007 设计机构: RTKL联合公司 摄影师: 大卫•惠特科姆 客户: 亚莉克莎购物中心 地点: 德国,柏林 时间: 2007年 030 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 031 032 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 033 Ingelsta Shopping Centre >> The concept was based on the idea ”Communication to the 该项目以“面向全社会”为设计理念,力图使设计能够同时满足成人和儿 big and little ”, which was executed on all levels. The graphic 童的需要,这一理念贯穿整个建筑的所有楼层之中。形象标志也巧妙地设 identity has, for example two symbols, a large and small dot. 计成一大一小两个圆点形状。此外,所有的指示系统也遵循了同样的一分 As well, all signs were designed to communicate in duplicate: 两式原则:成人和儿童的引导标识设计高度不同。墙体和印刷材料上到处 one message at adult level and one at eye-level for children. 可见吉祥物英杰尔和他的同伴形象,生动可爱、憨态可掬。这里还为孩子 The mascot ”Inge” was created, and, along with his companion 们提供了小型卫生间、咖啡桌以及迷你肉桂面包小菜单。 characters, placed out in the environment and printed material. The kids even got their own little toilet, their own café tables and even their own little menu with mini-cinnamon buns. 英杰尔斯塔购物中心 Design Agency: BVD Designer: Carin Blidholm Svensson Creative Director: Kina Gisenfeld Herner Client: Eurocommercial Properties Location: Stockholm, Sweden Date: 2008 设计机构: BVD设计公司 设计师: 凯琳•彼里德赫尔姆•斯文森 创意总监: 基纳•吉森菲尔德•赫纳 客户: Eurocommercial Properties公司 地点: 瑞典,斯德哥尔摩 时间: 2008年 034 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 035 036 >> 商业建筑 Commercial >> 037

Author Jie Zhou Isbn 9789881973931 File size 49 Mb Year 2011 Pages 800 Language English File format PDF Category Design Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare The fifth edition of Computer Organization and Design—winner of a 2014 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—moves forward into the post-PC era with new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud. This generational change is emphasized and explored with updated content featuring tablet computers, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing devices) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures. Because an understanding of modern hardware is essential to achieving good performance and energy efficiency, this edition adds a new concrete example, “Going Faster,” used throughout the text to demonstrate extremely effective optimization techniques. Also new to this edition is discussion of the “Eight Great Ideas” of computer architecture. As with previous editions, a MIPS processor is the core used to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O. Instructors looking for fourth edition teaching materials should e-mail [email protected] Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud Covers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, “Going Faster,” to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 times Discusses and highlights the “Eight Great Ideas” of computer architecture:  Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore’s Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast;  and Dependability via Redundancy Includes a full set of updated and improved exercises     Download (49 Mb) Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, 3rd Edition Animating 2D Characters for Games in Blender Practical Algorithms for 3D Computer Graphics, Second Edition Ergonomics in Design: Methods and Techniques Embedded Firmware Solutions Load more posts

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