Family Relationships and Familial Responses to Health Issues: Volume 8A by Jennifer Higgins McCormick and Sampson Lee Blair


10587434af6b91f-261x361.jpeg Author Jennifer Higgins McCormick and Sampson Lee Blair
Isbn 9781784410155
File size 2.6MB
Year 2014
Pages 350
Language English
File format PDF
Category family and friendship


 

FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND FAMILIAL RESPONSES TO HEALTH ISSUES CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES IN FAMILY RESEARCH Series Editor: Sampson Lee Blair Recent Volumes: Volume 1: Through the Eyes of the Child Re-Visioning Children as Active Agents of Family Life Edited by Michael Abrams, Johnson Matthey, B. A. Murrer, Felix M. Berardo, Constance L. Shehan, 2000 Volume 2: Families, Crime and Criminal Justice Charting the Linkages Edited by Greer Litton Fox and Michael L. Benson, 2000 Volume 3: Minding the Time in Family Experience Emerging Perspectives and Issues Edited by Kerry Daly, 2001 Volume 4: Intergenerational Ambivalences New Perspectives on Parent-Child Relations in Later Life Edited by Karl A. Pillemer and Kurt K. Luscher, 2003 Volume 5: Families in Eastern Europe 2004 Volume 6: Economic Stress and the Family Sampson Lee Blair, 2012 Volume 7: Visions of the 21st Century Family: Transforming Structures and Identities Edited by Patricia Neff Claster and Sampson Lee Blair, 2013 Edited by Mihaela Robila, Edited By CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVES IN FAMILY RESEARCH VOLUME 8A FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND FAMILIAL RESPONSES TO HEALTH ISSUES EDITED BY JENNIFER HIGGINS MCCORMICK Trocaire College, Buffalo, NY, USA SAMPSON LEE BLAIR University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA United Kingdom North America India Malaysia China Japan Emerald Group Publishing Limited Howard House, Wagon Lane, Bingley BD16 1WA, UK First edition 2014 Copyright r 2014 Emerald Group Publishing Limited Reprints and permission service Contact: [email protected] No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without either the prior written permission of the publisher or a licence permitting restricted copying issued in the UK by The Copyright Licensing Agency and in the USA by The Copyright Clearance Center. Any opinions expressed in the chapters are those of the authors. Whilst Emerald makes every effort to ensure the quality and accuracy of its content, Emerald makes no representation implied or otherwise, as to the chapters’ suitability and application and disclaims any warranties, express or implied, to their use. British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN: 978-1-78441-015-5 ISSN:1530-3535 (Series) ISOQAR certified Management System, awarded to Emerald for adherence to Environmental standard ISO 14001:2004. Certificate Number 1985 ISO 14001 CONTENTS LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS vii EDITORIAL BOARD ix FOREWORD xi IN GOOD AND BAD TIMES? THE INFLUENCE OF CURRENT RELATIONS WITH EXTENDED KIN ON NEGATIVE LIFE EVENTS Martijn J. A. Hogerbrugge and Aafke E. Komter 1 “NO RELATIONSHIPS, NO EMOTIONS, JUST SEX”: EXPLORING UNDERGRADUATES’ SEXUAL DECISION MAKING IN FRIENDS WITH BENEFITS RELATIONSHIPS Christina L. Scott, Belinda Carrillo and Irma M. Rivera 31 MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND PARENTING: HOW OUR CHILDREN RESPOND TO DIAGNOSIS, TREATMENT, AND DAILY LIFE Darbi J. Haynes-Lawrence and Adam R. West 75 EXTRAMARITAL RELATIONSHIPS IN THE CONTEXT OF SPOUSAL ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE: A MIXED-METHODS EXPLORATION OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES Andrew S. London and Janet M. Wilmoth 103 v vi CONTENTS WORK FAMILY CONFLICT AND DEPRESSION FOR EMPLOYED HUSBANDS AND WIVES IN JAPAN: MODERATING ROLES OF SELF AND SPOUSAL ROLE INVOLVEMENT Tetsushi Fujimoto, Sayaka K. Shinohara and Tsuyoshi Oohira 135 SINGLE MOTHERS WITH BREAST CANCER: RELATIONSHIPS WITH THEIR CHILDREN Amanda C. Ginter and Bonnie Braun 163 PARENTAL CAREGIVING FOR A CHILD WITH SPECIAL NEEDS, MARITAL STRAIN, AND PHYSICAL HEALTH: EVIDENCE FROM NATIONAL SURVEY OF MIDLIFE IN THE U.S. 2005 SunWoo Kang and Nadine F. Marks 183 MOTHERS’ PERCEPTIONS OF FAMILY COMMUNICATION PATTERNS WHEN HAVING AN ADHD CHILD Anita Hoag 211 FAMILIES OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: THE ROLE OF FAMILY-CENTERED CARE IN PERCEIVED FAMILY CHALLENGES Jennifer S. Reinke and Catherine A. Solheim 247 MULTIPLE SEGMENT FACTORIAL VIGNETTES IN FAMILY HEALTH INTERVENTIONS Marilyn J. Coleman, Lawrence H. Ganong and Jacquelyn J. Benson 285 BLACK WHITE DIFFERENCES IN FORMAL ADHD DIAGNOSES: UNMET NEED, OR CONSCIOUS DECISION-MAKING PROCESS? Jessica Streeter 307 ABOUT THE AUTHORS 335 LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Jacquelyn J. Benson University of Missouri, USA Bonnie Braun University of Maryland, USA Belinda Carrillo Whittier College, USA Marilyn J. Coleman University of Missouri, USA Tetsushi Fujimoto Doshisha University, Japan Lawrence H. Ganong University of Missouri, USA Amanda C. Ginter Towson University, USA Darbi J. HaynesLawrence Western Kentucky University, USA Anita Hoag University of Louisville, USA Martijn J. A. Hogerbrugge Utrecht University, Netherlands SunWoo Kang South Dakota State University, USA Aafke E. Komter Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands Andrew S. London Syracuse University, USA Nadine F. Marks University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA Tsuyoshi Oohira Doshisha University, Japan; and Omichikai Medical Corporation, Japan Jennifer S. Reinke University of Wisconsin-Stout, USA Irma M. Rivera Whittier College, USA Christina L. Scott Whittier College, USA Sayaka K. Shinohara Doshisha University, Japan vii viii LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS Catherine A. Solheim University of Minnesota, USA Jessica Streeter Rutgers University, USA Adam R. West Western Kentucky University, USA Janet M. Wilmoth Syracuse University, USA EDITORIAL BOARD Josip Obradovic´ University of Zagreb, Croatia Clarence M. Batan University of Santo Tomas, Philippines Gary W. Peterson Miami University, USA Eli Buchbinder University of Haifa, Israel Matthias Pollman-Schult Social Science Research Center Berlin, Germany Yu-Hua Chen National Taiwan University, Taiwan Allison J. Pugh University of Virginia, USA Teresa M. Cooney University of Colorado-Denver, USA Ria Smit University of Johannesburg, South Africa Rosalina Pisco Costa University of E´vora, Portugal Helen M. Stallman University of South Australia, Australia Alda Britto da Motta Federal University of Bahia, Brazil Giovanna Gianesini University of Bologna, Italy Fleur Thome´se VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Cardell K. Jacobson Brigham Young University, USA ix FOREWORD The sociological study of the impact of health issues on familial relationships is broad and affects a variety of facets of family life. Individual and group family roles significantly impact the emotional and economical functionality of relationships and are quite vulnerable to health concerns as they radiate throughout the structure of the family itself. As one family member experiences a health crisis, the support structure must adapt to accommodate family members’ needs as their role dictates. Some health concerns are life changing, such as terminal or chronic illness, while others bear less significant familial global impact, yet still placing great strain on the relationship and expectations of the individual and group. All family members, across all cultures, have role expectations. When a health crisis is introduced, it changes the role expectations, thus causing individual strain and ultimate stress on the individual or group. Strain can be experienced in a variety of ways including emotional, economical, and physical stress. How each of these factors affect the familial relationships can differ greatly depending on cultural, global, and socioeconomic differences. When we consider heath issues that bear the greatest impact, such as terminal and chronic illness for example, we first examine the pressures on relationships on those that are most acutely affected, then how those strains affect the rest of the family structure. A caregiver of an ill parent or child must adjust their lifestyle to assist their family member. That dyad changes directly, then all other relationships must be adjusted accordingly. Receiving a negative health diagnosis bears great impact not only on the individual, but also on the closely related family members as well. Navigating these relationships in the time surrounding the diagnosis and shortly thereafter is difficult, and this is the time in which family relationships undergo notable changes. Responsibilities, expectations, and roles are all not what they once were. A partner becomes a patient, a child becomes a caregiver, a caregiver becomes one-in-need. All of these changes require an individual to undergo both social and psychological transformations, often accompanied by a great amount of strain. These individuals may not be able to fulfill roles for others as they once had. Caregivers may have to leave their jobs, or simply neglect friendships and other interpersonal ties. xi xii FOREWORD The closest family members of the individual who experiences a health issue must temporarily suspend their own lives, or readjust them altogether. This can be the source of resentment or strain for surrounding family members, or other people in their lives. It can have a negative economic and social effect on the caregiver as well. Economic strain is another issue presented when considering problems associated with health concerns and the family. The cost of health care places great unexpected financial strain on families, which leads to emotional stress. For many years, family researchers have noted that one of the leading causes of marital strain and divorce is economic strain and disparity. Job loss and the steady unemployment rates of the past decade have significantly contributed to increases in depression diagnoses. Such mental illness negatively affects familial relationships. Many health issues are behavioral in nature, yet still largely impact familial relationships in terms of cultural belief systems and how families cope with conflict and problem solving. Simply maintaining healthy relationships among family members is difficult across the lifespan as generations undergo cultural shifts in the areas of sexual and social behaviors. Any major shift in lifestyle that can directly affect the health and well-being of the family regardless of the issue’s origin can be stress-inducing and will inevitably introduce strain to familial relationships. The strength of familial relationships directly affects the degree to which individuals experience crises. In “In Good and Bad Times? The Influence of Current Relations with Extended Kin on Negative Life Events,” authors Martijn J. A. Hogerbrugge and Aafke E. Komter examine relationships with extended family members and the likelihood of negative life events. Using prospective data from a nationally representative panel study on Dutch families, the authors explore the influence of extended family on life events in general, and the possibility of support that relatives could or would offer in the event of health, financial, or emotional crisis. While strong familial ties can indirectly dictate reduced vulnerability to life crises, families still need help keeping their families healthy and maintaining relationships with family members who live alone or need additional care. Marilyn J. Coleman, Lawrence H. Ganong, and Jacquelyn J. Benson have explored health interventions with families in order to prevent problems before they occur, to help family members who are caring for adults. In “Multiple Segment Factorial Vignettes in Family Health Interventions,” the authors have designed a series of short stories to study attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors for use in interventions with individuals, couples, and families. The stories were used in an intervention project in which Foreword xiii the family members and friends of older adults who lived alone were taught how to use the short stories in collaborative problem-solving with older adults about maintaining their independence safely in their homes. Individual mental health not only impacts family relationships, but also affects decision-making, as well. In “No Relationships, No Emotions, Just Sex: Exploring Undergraduates’ Sexual Decision Making in Friends With Benefits Relationships,” Christina L. Scott, Belinda Carrillo, and Irma M. Rivera examine the psychological well-being of male and female college students engaging in casual sex relationships, measuring decision-making skills using self-report measures. Both men and women displayed emotional ease with establishing independence in sexual relations, an unexpected outcome from previous social notions. While mental well-being can strengthen family relationships, mental illness can weaken ties and introduce greater strains. In “Work-Family Conflict and Depression for Employed Husbands and Wives in Japan: Moderating Roles of Self and Spousal Role Involvement,” Tetsushi Fujimoto, Sayaka K. Shinohara, and Tsuyoshi Oohira examine the impact of work-to-family conflict on depression for employed husbands and wives in Japan. Using data from a comprehensive study of working Japanese men and women, the authors posit that women experience higher levels of depression when faced with greater strains from work-to-family conflict than men, ultimately negatively affecting family relationships. Such findings may suggest an uneven distribution of gender expectations in the areas of caretaking and household management. Andrew S. London and Janet M. Wilmoth take a deeper look at the effects of cognitive illness on relationships with their study, “Extramarital Relationships in the Context of Spousal Alzheimer’s Disease: A MixedMethods Exploration of Public Attitudes.” Using data from the National Social, Health, and Aging Project, the authors found that spousal caregivers have a need for intimate relationships outside of the marriage, while nonspousal caregivers viewed such behavior as negative. These findings open the discussion for further spousal caregiving support in order to promote and preserve mental and physical well-being with a global and multicultural approach. Behavioral disorders bear a unique set of constraints on familial relationships and each family cope with diagnosis differently. Jessica Streeter discusses differences in coping strategies between Black and White families when receiving Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder diagnosis in “Black-White Differences in Formal ADHD Diagnosis: Unmet Need, Or Conscious Decision-Making Process?” Another view on ADHD is examined by Anita Hoag in “Mothers’ Perceptions of Family Communication Patterns When Having an ADHD Child,” where she xiv FOREWORD conducted in-depth interviews with mothers of children with ADHD, exploring ways in which they communicate with each other, and how their child’s experiences affect the mother’s own personal familial and nonfamilial relationships. Parent child relationships are most significantly affected by health issues. We most often think of parents as caregivers, and much research focuses on how the childhood illness affects parents and the family as a structural whole including both familial and nonfamilial relationships. Family-centered care bears perceived challenges, as discussed by Jennifer S. Reinke and Catherine A. Solheim in “Families of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Role of Family-Centered Care in Perceived Family Challenges.” Using data from the 2009 2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, Reinke and Solheim found that children were more likely to receive family-centered care when their socioeconomic environment was more favorable, thus providing greater opportunities for individuals for care who were economically advantaged as opposed to those who are not. Caring for children with health needs creates not only strain on parental relationships, but also physical strain as well. SunWoo Kang and Nadine F. Marks explore emotional and physical stress of caregivers in “Parental Caregiving for a Child with Special Needs, Marital Strain, and Physical Health: Evidence from National Survey of Midlife in the U.S. 2005.” Using data from the National Survey of Midlife in the United States, Kang and Marks found that parents who cared for children with special needs had higher rates of poor health and in some cases high levels of marital strain. Health issues can be stressful to the structure of familial relationship when they place greater responsibilities on children. This occurs in instances where parents are the recipients of negative health diagnoses. In “Multiple Sclerosis and Parenting: How Our Children Respond to Diagnosis, Treatment, and Daily Life,” authors Darbi J. Haynes-Lawrence and Adam R. West delve into the experiences of parents sharing their diagnosis of chronic illness with their children, gathering data though in-depth interviews. They discover that parents felt it was helpful for the children to know about the illness, and they could be involved in the treatment process, thereby opening avenues for additional support systems for the parents. Amanda C. Ginter and Bonnie Braun approached the issue of single parenting with breast cancer in “Single Mothers with Breast Cancer: Relationships with their Children.” Gathering the experiences of 12 mothers with breast cancer, the authors explored the challenges associated with parenting and chronic illness including sharing information Foreword xv with their children in age-appropriate ways, finding emotional support for both mother and child and managing changing relationships during and after treatment. Overall, the contributions to this volume of Contemporary Perspectives in Family Research are an exploration of cultural and familial experiences with health crises and coping with changing relationships. Each of the chapters herein offers considerable insight into the intricately interwoven nature of family dynamics, and how these change, adapt, and hopefully overcome the challenges associated with health dilemmas within the family. The authors have put forth substantial opportunities for policy change, as well as further research, and we extend our most sincere appreciation to them, to the many reviewers involved in this project, and to the helpful staff at Emerald Publishing. Jennifer Higgins McCormick Sampson Lee Blair Editors IN GOOD AND BAD TIMES? THE INFLUENCE OF CURRENT RELATIONS WITH EXTENDED KIN ON NEGATIVE LIFE EVENTS Martijn J. A. Hogerbrugge and Aafke E. Komter ABSTRACT Purpose The extent to which current relationships with extended kin affect the likelihood that adult family members experience negative life events such as serious psychological problems, financial difficulties, addictions, or criminal behavior has received little attention in life course research, which typically focuses on the occurrence and timing of “normal” life events that is, events occurring in almost every life course (e.g., marriage, parenthood, educational enrollment, employment). Methodology This study used prospective data from a nationally representative panel study on Dutch families. A series of clustered logistic regression models were estimated for the separate types of negative events, while a post-estimation command was used to compare and combine effects across models. Family Relationships and Familial Responses to Health Issues Contemporary Perspectives in Family Research, Volume 8A, 1 29 Copyright r 2014 by Emerald Group Publishing Limited All rights of reproduction in any form reserved ISSN: 1530-3535/doi:10.1108/S1530-35352014000008A001 1 2 MARTIJN J. A. HOGERBRUGGE AND AAFKE E. KOMTER Findings We show that the likelihood to experience negative life events is indeed affected by the relationships one currently has with extended kin. Moreover, by distinguishing different characteristics of family relationships in our analyses, we were able to unravel the mechanisms through which they exert an influence. Current family relationships provide feelings of integration, a sense of meaning, and act as a source of support that can be mobilized if needed. Value Given the impact negative life events have on individuals and families, as well as the costs they impose upon society, our results look promising for further advancing our understanding of the risks and the protective factors affecting the development of negative events in the lives of adults. Keywords: Negative life events; extended family relations; social integration; social control; social capital; social support The importance of family relationships in shaping the lives of its individual members has been well recorded in previous research (for reviews, see Mayer, 2009; Shanahan, 2000). While the majority of sociological studies have focused on the influences of the family of origin on [the timing of] “normal” life events, such as leaving the parental home (Goldscheider & Goldscheider, 1998; Mulder, 2009), cohabitation and marriage (Axinn & Thornton, 1992, 1993, 1996; Jennings, Axinn, & Ghimire, 2012; Kobrin & Waite, 1984), and parenthood (Axinn, Clarkberg, & Thornton, 1994; Barber, 2000; Murphy & Wang, 2001; Rijken & Liefbroer, 2009; Thornton, 1980), the occurrence of often less predictable, negative life events, such as serious psychological problems, addiction, and criminal behavior events that are known to be associated with one’s physical health (e.g., Hser et al., 2004; Kahn & Pearlin, 2006; Kivima¨ki, Vahtera, Elovainio, Lillrank, & Kevin, 2002; Schnittker & John, 2007) has been mostly the focus of developmental psychological studies (e.g., Davies & Cummings, 1994; Lucia & Breslau, 2006; Richmond & Stocker, 2006; Verona & Sachs-Ericsson, 2005). In the latter strand of research, a cohesive, warm nuclear family environment during childhood has been shown (both cross-sectionally and longitudinally) to positively affect child, adolescent, as well as later-life adjustments, thus diminishing the risk to experience negative life events such as serious psychological and behavioral problems, even after accounting for confounding variables like child’s gender, age, Negative Life Events and Extended Family 3 temperamental characteristics, family size, and parental education and socioeconomic status. An aspect, which, to our knowledge, has been ignored thus far, is the extent to which current relationships with extended kin continue to influence the likelihood to experience negative life events during adulthood. Evidence for such a relationship can, however, be deduced from one of the classical works in sociology Le Suicide by E´mile Durkheim (1897/1951) and subsequent research that studied the influence of social integration on suicide mortality of individuals. Numerous dimensions of social integration, including domestic integration operationalized as the size of, and interactions within families, as well as one’s marital and parental status were found to act as buffers against suicide. Similarly, family members from cohesive families were found to have better health outcomes (Bruhn, 2009; Grzywacz & Marks, 1999; Reinherz, Giaconia, Paradis, Novero, & Kerrigan, 2008; Seeman, 1996) as well as a higher level of well-being (Demo & Acock, 1996; Katz, 2009; Ryan & Willits, 2007; Umberson, 1989), than individuals living in less cohesive families. In this study we aim to determine the extent to which these influences from current relationships with extended kin also pertain to the occurrence of negative life events. We employ recent Dutch panel data to test our hypotheses on the occurrence of serious psychological problems, financial problems, addiction, and criminal behavior among members of over 5,900 extended families. In order to explore possible differences in the influence of characteristics of the family and relationships with extended kin, we analyze the occurrence of the different types of problems separately, after which estimates are combined into a single model to allow for cross-model and simultaneous testing of coefficients. Our study contributes to the literature in several ways. First, besides furthering our understanding of the overall impact of current family relationships, we aim to disentangle the pathways through which these relationships affect the likelihood to experience negative life events. Second, the use of prospective (instead of cross-sectional) data allows us to consider earlier characteristics of relationships with extended kin as potentially protective factors and not simply as correlates of negative life events. Moreover, using data from a nationally representative largescale study in which a reasonable number of negative events are recorded will result in less biased estimates than if we had relied on causal factors reported retrospectively by respondents who were sampled on our dependent variables a common strategy in studies on rare events.

Author Jennifer Higgins McCormick and Sampson Lee Blair Isbn 9781784410155 File size 2.6MB Year 2014 Pages 350 Language English File format PDF Category Family and Friendship Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare Around the globe, families are often faced with a variety of health issues, often as a result of social, political, religious, and economic forces. Health issues affect not only individual family members, but also impact family relationships and structures. Illnesses, injuries, and health problems can strike at any time, and can have long-lasting consequences for families. When a family member’s health is in jeopardy, it can bring about a wide variety of dilemmas. This multidisciplinary volume addresses the impact these issues have on the family as a unit; how they impact family relationships as well as how the family as a whole responds. The chapters cover a wide range of health related topics including illness in adults and children, sexual relationships, mental health, and disability. Through the use of a wide variety of methodological and theoretical perspectives, the family scholars in this volume provide considerable insight into the ways in which families are affected by health, as well as how they adapt to and cope with health-related dilemmas.     Download (2.6MB) Family and Health: Evolving Needs, Responsibilities, and Experiences: Volume 8B Neglected Children and Their Families, 2nd Edition New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research Different Dads: Father’s Stories of Parenting Disabled Children Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Load more posts

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