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What Students Say About Short Stories Eureka…
“Short Stories Eureka provided me with easy reference and guidance for the essays
that I write and played a major part in helping me achieve an A1 for English. I
highly recommend it to anyone who is looking to improve their writing or secure a
distinction for the English language. It is simple, comprehensive and effective.”
Mark Yuen, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker)
“The book has helped me write and phrase my English essays better and has been
instrumental in improving my vocabulary. It’s definitely a book one should read
in order to do well for their compositions. This book helped me write better when
I took the O-Levels.”
Matthew Quek, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) IB
“Short Stories Eureka helped me improve my range of vocabulary and also to write
more fluently. It’s a must-read for all students who want to score well for their
Amanda Yeo, Methodist Girls’ School
“Short Stories Eureka is a compilation of beautifully written prose that is filled with
poignant and impactful short stories. Original and a great read.
Christel Wong, Anglo-Chinese Junior College
(ex-Crescent Girls’ School student)
“Short Stories Eureka has been an inspirational book and has helped me greatly.
The stories are filled with a diversity of vocabulary and good phrases which are of
great help to my own writing. The topics are also up-to-date and some topics have
appeared numerous times in my examinations and I would definitely recommend this
wonderful book to others.”
Timothy Ying, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker)
“I love Eureka as it has inspired me to enjoy writing. It helped me develop a passion for
writing as I am able to incorporate a wide range of vocabulary and ideas!”
Trisha Tan, St Margaret’s Secondary School
“Short Stories Eureka helped me tremendously in my preparation for my O-Levels and
was instrumental in helping me to score A1 for English.”
Leonard Loh, Anglo-Chinese School (International)
Former Anglo-Chinese School (Barker) student
“Short Stories Eureka has really helped me in my English. It is very interesting with
many great stories in it. My range of good phrases and vocabulary improved after
reading and studying this book. This book is awesome!”
Michael Sung, Hwa Chong Institution
Former Nanhua Primary School student
“Short Stories Eureka is a book that is very enriching. It gives me ideas for my own
Shauna Cheong, Methodist Girls’ School
Former Singapore-Chinese Girls’ School student
“I achieved distinctions for both my English and Literature (Core subject) when I
took the O-Levels last year. I found Short Stories Eureka useful as it offered very good
story plots that I could adopt for my own narrative essays. It also provided me with
good phrases that I could include which aptly conveyed and described emotions such
as pain, anger and happiness.”
Seet Yunying, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) IB,
Former Methodist Girls’ School student
“Short Stories Eureka has aided me in improving my command of the English language
and even inspired me to weave short stories with a twist. Not only has it helped me
get an A1 for my O-Levels, it has ignited in me a love of reading that I have never
Kidmann Goh, Nanyang Junior College
Former Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) student
Having been Mrs Tham’s student for the past five to six years has not only equipped me
with the necessary knowledge and skills to achieve outstanding results academically
but also helped to cultivate in me a deep interest and passion for writing, literature
and the English language as a whole. Through Mrs Tham’s lessons, I have excelled in
the subjects relating to the English Language and developed a holistic writing ability
which range from creative writing such as narratives to expository essays and even
literary essays. This is attested to by the fact that my stories are featured in both books
of expository and narrative model essays written by her.
Zachary Tan, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent)
Contributor to the Eureka books
Model Exposit or y Essays For
Today’s Sec ondar y Schoo l St udents
Written, compiled and edited by
Diana T ham
© 2013 text by Diana Tham, contributor essays were published with permission from the
Published by Marshall Cavendish Editions
An imprint of Marshall Cavendish International
1 New Industrial Road, Singapore 536196
All rights reserved
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted,
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without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Request for permission should be addressed to the Publisher, Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited,
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The publisher makes no representation or warranties with respect to the contents of this
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National Library Board Singapore Cataloguing in Publication Data
Tham, Diana, 1976Expository eureka : model expository essays for today’s secondary school students / written,
compiled and edited by Diana Tham. – Singapore : Marshall Cavendish Editions, 2013.
ISBN : 978-981-4408-55-4
1. English language – Rhetoric.
2. English language – Study and teaching (Secondary)
808.042 – dc23
Printed by Markono Print Media Pte Ltd.
To all my dearly beloved students,
past and present,
some of whom have become
teachers and writers themselves.
About the Book...
Before You Start...
Are the Arts still relevant in the age of technology and science?
Discuss how travelling widely can be beneficial to students.
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being in a
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of overseas study.
“A woman’s place is ultimately in the family. She should stop
working after childbirth.” What are your views?
Should the word ‘fail’ be removed from our education system?
What are your views?
How can relationships between the older generation and
the younger generation be improved?
How important is it to speak and write good English?
How relevant are established traditions to our country? Discuss.
“Life’s challenges bring out the best in our young.” What are
What are some important qualities that a teacher should possess?
What are some pros and cons of students taking up part-time jobs? 74
Discuss why it is important for students to wear school uniforms.
What do you think schools should do to promote a love of
reading among their students?
What makes a good friend? What qualities do you look for
when you choose friends in your life?
Zoos are nothing more than places where animals lose their
freedom and are imprisoned. Discuss your views.
“Boys should play with guns and trains while girls should
play with dolls and cooking sets.” What are your views?
Discuss the benefits and evils of social media in our world today.
Does the Internet bring more harm than good to people in
the modern age? Discuss.
Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of Co-Curricular Activities
What are some considerations you would have before
choosing and embarking on a career?
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of an increased
life expectancy in Singapore.
The Singapore Youth Olympic Games was a total waste of time.
Discuss your views.
Is academic excellence the only means to success in one’s life?
Discuss your views pertaining to this statement.
Do you agree that parents and teachers have an equal part to
play in educating children? How can parents and educators
help optimise the education quality of children?
Discuss the frustrations and delights of a teenager in
“Plastic surgery is the answer to ageing and beauty.”
Discuss your views.
“Spare the rod, spoil the child.” What are your views?
Do celebrities have the moral responsibility to behave in
socially acceptable ways in public? What are your views?
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of foreign presence
Should lower primary school students own mobile phones?
Discuss your views.
What does the end of a school day mean for you?
Choosing a course for a higher education is a tough decision
to make. What factors will affect your choice?
What are some things which should be emphasised in our
education system that will be most beneficial and practical
for you in your adult life?
Why do people live longer lives now compared to the past?
Should both parents go out to work when their children are
very young? Discuss.
For Teachers and Parents...
About the Author…
“True ease in writing comes from art, not chance,
as those who move easiest have learned to dance.”
(by an educator)
Expository Eureka is for anyone who aspires to master the art of
expository writing. Not only will it give readers an advantage in
learning to write excellently, it is also an enjoyable read on the
differing views of people on issues faced by many Singaporeans.
Expository writing is an ubiquitous requirement in our daily
lives—at school, where students have to submit papers for grading,
and at work, where individuals are required to produce numerous
progress reports and business proposals. Having a good grasp of
expository writing is, therefore, a key to success.
Expository Eureka—a much-needed sequel to Short Stories
Eureka, which has been well received by many students and
educaters—is a compilation of excellent expository essays written
by Diana herself and some of her students.
Diana’s passion for the language has deepened her understanding
of the process and enabled her to master the art of good writing.
The teacher in her has compelled her to come up with the Eureka
series for the purpose of passing on that knowledge, and the skills
acquired for writing, to a new generation of writers.
I hope that through this book, you will discover that ‘Aha!
Moment’ in expository writing and become a confident writer who
is not afraid to pen down all thoughts, ideas and opinions.
Past Vice-principal of Fairfield Methodist School (Primary)
and St Andrew’s Junior School
(by a parent)
It gives me great pleasure to write a foreword to this book, Expository
Eureka written by Diana Tham. Diana has been a dedicated teacher
to my two sons, Dominic and Daniel, transforming them from
average students in their English and Literature to boys who
spontaneously write with confidence.
This book not only provides structured strategies to readers
who are serious about learning to write, it is also a great collection
of model essays from students who have soared to greater literary
and writing heights under Diana’s expert tutelage. The model essays
illustrate vividly the fine techniques of writing expository essays
which the readers can use to guide themselves in their writing
This book is a great aid to any student agonising over difficulties
faced when writing expository essays, as well as to parents, teachers
or caregivers who wish to obtain skills to coach their children and
students. The end result is that these children and students will
develop stronger abilities in expressing individual viewpoints on
various subject matter when writing expository essays.
I congratulate Diana on her completion of yet another fabulous
literary touchstone with this instructional handbook of model essays
and writing techniques and it is my sincere hope that it will convince
students that writing expository essays will prove no hindrance in
future, and instead, will consequently be a breeze for them.
Choong Poh Wah
Mother of Dominic and Daniel Choong,
author’s past students
No one is born with the ability to write. Many students have
complained that the ability to write does not come easy and while
that may sometimes be true, it is my hope that this book will offer
answers to students who face difficulties in their journey of writing,
especially expository essays.
Has anyone ever told you that you could not write? If your
answer is yes, you are not alone. Someone once told me that she
did not think that I could write. The irony is that I am still furiously
writing away every day of my life. That person was once my
history teacher. Teachers, while instrumental in equipping us with
knowledge and life skills in schools, do not have the last word in
your life. What desperate students in need of writing tips should
do is to be tenacious in their pursuit to write well, and be willing to
learn various techniques crucial in helping themselves to formulate
ideas and to persevere in their writing regardless of their negative
remarks and comments.
Some of these essays are written by me and the others
are by my pupils, who will readily attest that their writing
accomplishments did not come easy.
May you continue to read, persevere and imbibe useful and
meaningful language expressions that will aid you in expressing
ideas that come alive in your hearts when you encounter expository
Read on. Write on.
About the Book…
Discursive (expository) and argumentative essays have long been
the Achilles’ heels of many students. Currently, I know of many
teachers in schools who advise students to steer away from these
genres, encouraging them to write narrative stories instead, which
many deem to be easier. However, it would do students good to
remember that there are specific techniques to writing expository
and argumentative essays. Writing, ultimately, is a craft and
continual refinements have to be made to whatever drafts students
write in order to improve.
Many teachers have been guilty of instilling fear in students
about attempting expository essay questions (including me, when
I first started teaching many years ago). Hence students possess an
innate fear of expressing and elaborating on their opinions through
expository and argumentative essays.
Learn to enjoy the writing process. Think about the points you
wish to express, then plan and craft your discussion or argument
and remember the steps to take when elaborating on your points.
This compilation of model expository essays is intended to
give students critical ideas about various expository topics and
to feature some of my star writers who have learnt to overcome
their fears of writing expository essay topics, emerging like
butterflies out of their cocoons, to become confident writers.
‘Before You Start...’ is a section aimed at highlighting specific
writing techniques that students can learn and employ in their
own writing process. Additionally, an exclusive section meant for
teachers and parents has been included at the end of the book,
which they can use to help their students and children. These skills
are specially crafted and designed to aid students in their quest for
excellence in writing.
Before You Start…
Writing is an art form that aims to communicate information to
readers. The art of writing expository and argumentative essays
definitively differ from the art of writing narratives. For more
information on narrative-writing techniques, refer to my previous
book, Short Stories Eureka.
Expository and argumentative essay writing require certain skills
and techniques that this book hopes to effectively communicate to
students. Here are some useful pointers that you should look out
for in order to get the most out of reading these model essays that
I have compiled for the benefit of any student eager to achieve
successful improvement in their expository writing.
What is the difference between argumentative and
Expository essays, also known as discursive essays, frequently
discuss or raise ideas, individual viewpoints and introduce
perspectives in a non-opinionated, non-argumentative way.
Expository essays may also require you to describe or analyse
particular topics in detail. The main aim of expository essays as
mentioned earlier, is to provide a platform for the communication
and impartation of the writer’s ideas and viewpoints, to discuss
issues pertinent to the question at hand. There is therefore no need
for students to take a stand on issues that the question raises.
Argumentative essays, on the other hand, require you to think
and opine critically about issues and questions that obviously
demand a definitive stand on the topic given, and a detailed analysis
about your viewpoints.
What are some writing techniques that I can use?
Modelling. Similar to narrative writing, it is critical that you read,
learn and commit to memory important phrases which are versatile
and that can be replicated and used in answering various expository
questions. Modelling is the most effective means of good writing
because the more you come in contact with excellent pieces of
expository writing, the more attuned you will be to the various
styles and expressions of good writing by writers.
You will acquire the skill of structuring your essays using the
models in this book as a guide. Structure is the basic technique of
observing and learning patterns and how to organise your essay
according to a safe and acceptable writing format for expository
topics. This book aims to impart ways to engage your readers
through effective introductions for expository essay to leave the
greatest impact and to prepare them for the discussion you will be
focusing on through the course of your essay.
A pivotal task which you will need to accomplish as you thumb
through and ingest the model essays in this book would be to arm
yourself with a highlighter and conscientiously pick out the good
phrases which you can effectively replicate and use in your own
essays. This will ensure you have a useful plethora of writing aids to
help you along when you embark on your personal writing as these
phrases will assist you in crafting and expressing your own ideas
I have edited these expressions to directly impact your writing
so you can easily communicate your own ideas and opinions. The
next segment will discuss the essay format that you should follow
when writing expository and argumentative essays.
expository E u r e k a
How do I structure introductions for my essay?
Introductions are a key element to every essay. Why is this so?
Nobody wants to read an essay if they feel bored just by reading the
The first question to ask is: How should I structure my
introduction? Many students get writers’ block right from the
introduction and fail to think of anything to write from the onset.
Introductions are a key element to every essay. Why is this so?
Nobody wants to continue reading an essay if the introduction
STEP 1: Include related context, background information or details
Always contextualise your essay by including detailed background
information and details pertaining to the question. This effectively
establishes the context for the topic at hand to be discussed, and
makes it easier for you to connect the topic to perimeters that
outline the information and viewpoints you will be discussing in
For example, if the question asks about what qualities a teacher
should possess, the introduction should encompass a short discussion
to start the essay, like reasons why teachers are so important and the
difference that teachers can make in the modern world.
Besides incorporating information and details about the
question’s topic, you will also do well to include trends, if any, about
the topic raised in the question. For instance, you can comment on
how there is an increasing trend of a lack of new teachers to replace
the older generation of teachers who may have left the teaching
Author Diana Tham Isbn File size 2.3 Mb Year 2013 Pages 137 Language English File format PDF Category Languages Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare Essays Eureka features the best of model expository stories written by English Language and Literature specialist, Diana Tham. Through her stories, as well as works by her students, Diana shows students how to apply model structures and writing techniques to their own writing, providing them with strategies that will help to crystallise their ideas and realise their potential. Using these essays as a guide, students will be able to hone the necessary writing skills they need to ensure exceptional scores in any examination. Download (2.3 Mb) Get Writing: Paragraphs and Essays, 3rd edition Studying Literature In English: An Introduction The Only Grammar & Style Workbook Youll Ever Need A To Z Of Arabic-english-arabic Translation Writing Essays in English Language and Linguistics Load more posts