Expository Eureka: Model Expository Essays for Today’s Secondary School Students by Diana Tham

1957c970e411b66-261x361.jpg Author Diana Tham
File size 2.3 Mb
Year 2013
Pages 137
Language English
File format PDF
Category languages


What Students Say About Short Stories Eureka… “Short Stories Eureka provided me with easy reference and guidance for the essays that I write and played a major part in helping me achieve an A1 for English. I highly recommend it to anyone who is looking to improve their writing or secure a distinction for the English language. It is simple, comprehensive and effective.” Mark Yuen, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker) “The book has helped me write and phrase my English essays better and has been instrumental in improving my vocabulary. It’s definitely a book one should read in order to do well for their compositions. This book helped me write better when I took the O-Levels.” Matthew Quek, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) IB “Short Stories Eureka helped me improve my range of vocabulary and also to write more fluently. It’s a must-read for all students who want to score well for their compositions!” Amanda Yeo, Methodist Girls’ School “Short Stories Eureka is a compilation of beautifully written prose that is filled with poignant and impactful short stories. Original and a great read. Christel Wong, Anglo-Chinese Junior College (ex-Crescent Girls’ School student) “Short Stories Eureka has been an inspirational book and has helped me greatly. The stories are filled with a diversity of vocabulary and good phrases which are of great help to my own writing. The topics are also up-to-date and some topics have appeared numerous times in my examinations and I would definitely recommend this wonderful book to others.” Timothy Ying, Anglo-Chinese School (Barker) “I love Eureka as it has inspired me to enjoy writing. It helped me develop a passion for writing as I am able to incorporate a wide range of vocabulary and ideas!” Trisha Tan, St Margaret’s Secondary School “Short Stories Eureka helped me tremendously in my preparation for my O-Levels and was instrumental in helping me to score A1 for English.” Leonard Loh, Anglo-Chinese School (International) Former Anglo-Chinese School (Barker) student “Short Stories Eureka has really helped me in my English. It is very interesting with many great stories in it. My range of good phrases and vocabulary improved after reading and studying this book. This book is awesome!” Michael Sung, Hwa Chong Institution Former Nanhua Primary School student “Short Stories Eureka is a book that is very enriching. It gives me ideas for my own short stories.” Shauna Cheong, Methodist Girls’ School Former Singapore-Chinese Girls’ School student “I achieved distinctions for both my English and Literature (Core subject) when I took the O-Levels last year. I found Short Stories Eureka useful as it offered very good story plots that I could adopt for my own narrative essays. It also provided me with good phrases that I could include which aptly conveyed and described emotions such as pain, anger and happiness.” Seet Yunying, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) IB, Former Methodist Girls’ School student “Short Stories Eureka has aided me in improving my command of the English language and even inspired me to weave short stories with a twist. Not only has it helped me get an A1 for my O-Levels, it has ignited in me a love of reading that I have never experienced before!” Kidmann Goh, Nanyang Junior College Former Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) student Having been Mrs Tham’s student for the past five to six years has not only equipped me with the necessary knowledge and skills to achieve outstanding results academically but also helped to cultivate in me a deep interest and passion for writing, literature and the English language as a whole. Through Mrs Tham’s lessons, I have excelled in the subjects relating to the English Language and developed a holistic writing ability which range from creative writing such as narratives to expository essays and even literary essays. This is attested to by the fact that my stories are featured in both books of expository and narrative model essays written by her. Zachary Tan, Anglo-Chinese School (Independent) Contributor to the Eureka books expository Eureka Model Exposit or y Essays For Today’s Sec ondar y Schoo l St udents Written, compiled and edited by Diana T ham © 2013 text by Diana Tham, contributor essays were published with permission from the respective authors. Published by Marshall Cavendish Editions An imprint of Marshall Cavendish International 1 New Industrial Road, Singapore 536196 All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Request for permission should be addressed to the Publisher, Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited, 1 New Industrial Road, Singapore 536196. Tel: (65) 6213 9300, Fax: (65) 6285 4871. E-mail: [email protected] Website: www.marshallcavendish.com/genref The publisher makes no representation or warranties with respect to the contents of this book, and specifically disclaims any implied warranties or merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose, and shall in no event be liable for any loss of profit or any other commercial damage, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential, or other damages. Other Marshall Cavendish Offices: Marshall Cavendish Corporation. 99 White Plains Road, Tarrytown NY 10591-9001, USA • Marshall Cavendish International (Thailand) Co Ltd. 253 Asoke, 12th Flr, Sukhumvit 21 Road, Klongtoey Nua, Wattana, Bangkok 10110, Thailand • Marshall Cavendish (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, Times Subang, Lot 46, Subang Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Batu Tiga, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. Marshall Cavendish is a trademark of Times Publishing Limited National Library Board Singapore Cataloguing in Publication Data Tham, Diana, 1976Expository eureka : model expository essays for today’s secondary school students / written, compiled and edited by Diana Tham. – Singapore : Marshall Cavendish Editions, 2013. pages cm ISBN : 978-981-4408-55-4 1. English language – Rhetoric. 2. English language – Study and teaching (Secondary) PE1404 808.042 – dc23 OCN839642524 Printed by Markono Print Media Pte Ltd. To all my dearly beloved students, past and present, some of whom have become teachers and writers themselves. Contents Foreword 11 Author’s Note 13 About the Book... 15 Before You Start... 17 Are the Arts still relevant in the age of technology and science? Discuss. 29 Discuss how travelling widely can be beneficial to students. 33 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of being in a single-child family. 37 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of overseas study. 41 “A woman’s place is ultimately in the family. She should stop working after childbirth.” What are your views? 45 Should the word ‘fail’ be removed from our education system? What are your views? 49 How can relationships between the older generation and the younger generation be improved? 53 How important is it to speak and write good English? 57 How relevant are established traditions to our country? Discuss. 61 “Life’s challenges bring out the best in our young.” What are your views? 65 What are some important qualities that a teacher should possess? 69 What are some pros and cons of students taking up part-time jobs? 74 Discuss why it is important for students to wear school uniforms. 78 What do you think schools should do to promote a love of reading among their students? 82 What makes a good friend? What qualities do you look for when you choose friends in your life? 87 Zoos are nothing more than places where animals lose their freedom and are imprisoned. Discuss your views. 91 “Boys should play with guns and trains while girls should play with dolls and cooking sets.” What are your views? 97 Discuss the benefits and evils of social media in our world today. 101 Does the Internet bring more harm than good to people in the modern age? Discuss. 106 Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of Co-Curricular Activities in schools. 110 What are some considerations you would have before choosing and embarking on a career? 120 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of an increased life expectancy in Singapore. 125 The Singapore Youth Olympic Games was a total waste of time. Discuss your views. 131 Is academic excellence the only means to success in one’s life? Discuss your views pertaining to this statement. 135 Do you agree that parents and teachers have an equal part to play in educating children? How can parents and educators help optimise the education quality of children? 141 Discuss the frustrations and delights of a teenager in modern society. 145 “Plastic surgery is the answer to ageing and beauty.” Discuss your views. 150 “Spare the rod, spoil the child.” What are your views? 154 Do celebrities have the moral responsibility to behave in socially acceptable ways in public? What are your views? 157 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of foreign presence in Singapore. 162 Should lower primary school students own mobile phones? Discuss your views. 167 What does the end of a school day mean for you? 173 Choosing a course for a higher education is a tough decision to make. What factors will affect your choice? 177 What are some things which should be emphasised in our education system that will be most beneficial and practical for you in your adult life? 181 Why do people live longer lives now compared to the past? Discuss. 186 Should both parents go out to work when their children are very young? Discuss. 189 For Teachers and Parents... 193 About the Author… 200 “True ease in writing comes from art, not chance, as those who move easiest have learned to dance.” —Alexander Pope Foreword (by an educator) Expository Eureka is for anyone who aspires to master the art of expository writing. Not only will it give readers an advantage in learning to write excellently, it is also an enjoyable read on the differing views of people on issues faced by many Singaporeans. Expository writing is an ubiquitous requirement in our daily lives—at school, where students have to submit papers for grading, and at work, where individuals are required to produce numerous progress reports and business proposals. Having a good grasp of expository writing is, therefore, a key to success. Expository Eureka—a much-needed sequel to Short Stories Eureka, which has been well received by many students and educaters—is a compilation of excellent expository essays written by Diana herself and some of her students. Diana’s passion for the language has deepened her understanding of the process and enabled her to master the art of good writing. The teacher in her has compelled her to come up with the Eureka series for the purpose of passing on that knowledge, and the skills acquired for writing, to a new generation of writers. I hope that through this book, you will discover that ‘Aha! Moment’ in expository writing and become a confident writer who is not afraid to pen down all thoughts, ideas and opinions. David Chan Past Vice-principal of Fairfield Methodist School (Primary) and St Andrew’s Junior School Foreword (by a parent) It gives me great pleasure to write a foreword to this book, Expository Eureka written by Diana Tham. Diana has been a dedicated teacher to my two sons, Dominic and Daniel, transforming them from average students in their English and Literature to boys who spontaneously write with confidence. This book not only provides structured strategies to readers who are serious about learning to write, it is also a great collection of model essays from students who have soared to greater literary and writing heights under Diana’s expert tutelage. The model essays illustrate vividly the fine techniques of writing expository essays which the readers can use to guide themselves in their writing practices. This book is a great aid to any student agonising over difficulties faced when writing expository essays, as well as to parents, teachers or caregivers who wish to obtain skills to coach their children and students. The end result is that these children and students will develop stronger abilities in expressing individual viewpoints on various subject matter when writing expository essays. I congratulate Diana on her completion of yet another fabulous literary touchstone with this instructional handbook of model essays and writing techniques and it is my sincere hope that it will convince students that writing expository essays will prove no hindrance in future, and instead, will consequently be a breeze for them. Choong Poh Wah Mother of Dominic and Daniel Choong, author’s past students Author’s Note No one is born with the ability to write. Many students have complained that the ability to write does not come easy and while that may sometimes be true, it is my hope that this book will offer answers to students who face difficulties in their journey of writing, especially expository essays. Has anyone ever told you that you could not write? If your answer is yes, you are not alone. Someone once told me that she did not think that I could write. The irony is that I am still furiously writing away every day of my life. That person was once my history teacher. Teachers, while instrumental in equipping us with knowledge and life skills in schools, do not have the last word in your life. What desperate students in need of writing tips should do is to be tenacious in their pursuit to write well, and be willing to learn various techniques crucial in helping themselves to formulate ideas and to persevere in their writing regardless of their negative remarks and comments. Some of these essays are written by me and the others are by my pupils, who will readily attest that their writing accomplishments did not come easy. May you continue to read, persevere and imbibe useful and meaningful language expressions that will aid you in expressing ideas that come alive in your hearts when you encounter expository questions. Read on. Write on. About the Book… Discursive (expository) and argumentative essays have long been the Achilles’ heels of many students. Currently, I know of many teachers in schools who advise students to steer away from these genres, encouraging them to write narrative stories instead, which many deem to be easier. However, it would do students good to remember that there are specific techniques to writing expository and argumentative essays. Writing, ultimately, is a craft and continual refinements have to be made to whatever drafts students write in order to improve. Many teachers have been guilty of instilling fear in students about attempting expository essay questions (including me, when I first started teaching many years ago). Hence students possess an innate fear of expressing and elaborating on their opinions through expository and argumentative essays. Learn to enjoy the writing process. Think about the points you wish to express, then plan and craft your discussion or argument and remember the steps to take when elaborating on your points. This compilation of model expository essays is intended to give students critical ideas about various expository topics and to feature some of my star writers who have learnt to overcome their fears of writing expository essay topics, emerging like butterflies out of their cocoons, to become confident writers. ‘Before You Start...’ is a section aimed at highlighting specific writing techniques that students can learn and employ in their own writing process. Additionally, an exclusive section meant for teachers and parents has been included at the end of the book, which they can use to help their students and children. These skills are specially crafted and designed to aid students in their quest for excellence in writing. Before You Start… Writing is an art form that aims to communicate information to readers. The art of writing expository and argumentative essays definitively differ from the art of writing narratives. For more information on narrative-writing techniques, refer to my previous book, Short Stories Eureka. Expository and argumentative essay writing require certain skills and techniques that this book hopes to effectively communicate to students. Here are some useful pointers that you should look out for in order to get the most out of reading these model essays that I have compiled for the benefit of any student eager to achieve successful improvement in their expository writing. What is the difference between argumentative and expository essays? Expository essays, also known as discursive essays, frequently discuss or raise ideas, individual viewpoints and introduce perspectives in a non-opinionated, non-argumentative way. Expository essays may also require you to describe or analyse particular topics in detail. The main aim of expository essays as mentioned earlier, is to provide a platform for the communication and impartation of the writer’s ideas and viewpoints, to discuss issues pertinent to the question at hand. There is therefore no need for students to take a stand on issues that the question raises. Argumentative essays, on the other hand, require you to think and opine critically about issues and questions that obviously demand a definitive stand on the topic given, and a detailed analysis about your viewpoints. What are some writing techniques that I can use? Modelling. Similar to narrative writing, it is critical that you read, learn and commit to memory important phrases which are versatile and that can be replicated and used in answering various expository questions. Modelling is the most effective means of good writing because the more you come in contact with excellent pieces of expository writing, the more attuned you will be to the various styles and expressions of good writing by writers. You will acquire the skill of structuring your essays using the models in this book as a guide. Structure is the basic technique of observing and learning patterns and how to organise your essay according to a safe and acceptable writing format for expository topics. This book aims to impart ways to engage your readers through effective introductions for expository essay to leave the greatest impact and to prepare them for the discussion you will be focusing on through the course of your essay. A pivotal task which you will need to accomplish as you thumb through and ingest the model essays in this book would be to arm yourself with a highlighter and conscientiously pick out the good phrases which you can effectively replicate and use in your own essays. This will ensure you have a useful plethora of writing aids to help you along when you embark on your personal writing as these phrases will assist you in crafting and expressing your own ideas when writing. I have edited these expressions to directly impact your writing so you can easily communicate your own ideas and opinions. The next segment will discuss the essay format that you should follow when writing expository and argumentative essays. 18 expository E u r e k a How do I structure introductions for my essay? Introductions are a key element to every essay. Why is this so? Nobody wants to read an essay if they feel bored just by reading the introduction. The first question to ask is: How should I structure my introduction? Many students get writers’ block right from the introduction and fail to think of anything to write from the onset. Introductions are a key element to every essay. Why is this so? Nobody wants to continue reading an essay if the introduction bores them. STEP 1: Include related context, background information or details Always contextualise your essay by including detailed background information and details pertaining to the question. This effectively establishes the context for the topic at hand to be discussed, and makes it easier for you to connect the topic to perimeters that outline the information and viewpoints you will be discussing in the essay. For example, if the question asks about what qualities a teacher should possess, the introduction should encompass a short discussion to start the essay, like reasons why teachers are so important and the difference that teachers can make in the modern world. Besides incorporating information and details about the question’s topic, you will also do well to include trends, if any, about the topic raised in the question. For instance, you can comment on how there is an increasing trend of a lack of new teachers to replace the older generation of teachers who may have left the teaching profession. 19

Author Diana Tham Isbn File size 2.3 Mb Year 2013 Pages 137 Language English File format PDF Category Languages Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare Essays Eureka features the best of model expository stories written by English Language and Literature specialist, Diana Tham. Through her stories, as well as works by her students, Diana shows students how to apply model structures and writing techniques to their own writing, providing them with strategies that will help to crystallise their ideas and realise their potential. Using these essays as a guide, students will be able to hone the necessary writing skills they need to ensure exceptional scores in any examination.     Download (2.3 Mb) Get Writing: Paragraphs and Essays, 3rd edition Studying Literature In English: An Introduction The Only Grammar & Style Workbook You’ll Ever Need A To Z Of Arabic-english-arabic Translation Writing Essays in English Language and Linguistics Load more posts

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