10,000 Days of Thunder: A History of the Vietnam War by Philip Caputo


61QG2EX6DZL._SX218_BO1204203200_QL40_.jpg Author Philip Caputo
Isbn 9780689862311
File size 25MB
Year 2005
Pages 128
Language English
File format PDF
Category history



 

1 - 1955 All 1962 OCTOBER JULY 20 M IIt was war the days, rhc thousand thai lasted ten I t. Hen Bien stirring chronicle, of riots. Pulitzer ieneva ends; into that inspired scores of songs. Die war that sparked dozens this 7 Phu ends war ii in \Y French defeat ( Diem bnference Vietnam 26 FEBRUARY elected president of South Vietnam, and split officially North and South proclaims I Command, Vietnam (MACV), it Republic of Vietnam Vietnam And 6 Military Assistance created Prize- •aafeM •vmning journalist Philip Caputo writes about our country's most controversial war—the rom 1 the Vietnam War tirst — for young readers. stirrings oi unrest in under French colonial rule, to JUNE Vietnam e American and appointed prime minister of Vietnam gins intervention, to the battle let Hamburger at 18 Ngo Dinh Diem rence Offensive, to the Hill, the to fall of gon, U).(XX) Day> of Thunder explores the war changed the that Americans and that li\ es of a generation of still reverberates with us today. Included within 10,000 Day* of Thunder are anecdotes from soldiers well as profiles many ot and civilians, as and accounts of the actions historical luminaries, and Vietnamese, involved 1969 1970 both American the Vietnam in War, such as Richard M. Nixon, General William ( Westmoreland, Ho Chi Minh, Joe .allowav Dr. Martin Luther King Johnson, and General Vo B. C C apUtO also explores the in battlefield, the Lyndon Nguyen Giap. Communism women played on rise of Vietnam, the roles that the jr., antiwar movement home, (he participation of Vietnamese lagers m b\ stunning and hundcr If rnam War II F. is MAY Kennedy ls.lssin.ltcd 4 .ut I her Li NOVEMBER ted 1 Richard Nixon elected highlighted photographs and key campaign battlefield Robert President 10-JUNE 7 3 Nixon MAY announces 4 Operation Vietnamization Kent State Apache Snow program incident vil- the war, as well as the tar-reaching Bputo's dynamic narrath e 5 at impact of the war's aftermath c NOVEMBER JUNE MAY 11-20 Battle of SEPTEMBER 2, 1969 Ho Chi Minh dies Hamburger Hi NOVEMBER Son Tay 20-21 raid \i President maps, making 10,000 DtyS consummate book on the tor kids IOCS J \ '*** # wms t m! 'A 1964 1963 AUGUST NOVEMBER AUGUST 2 Ngo Dinh Diem First MARCH 7 2 Congress passes Tonkin Gulf of Tonkin Gulf incident assassinated 1966 1965 First 2 AUGUST mission in Rolling Thunder Operation launched Resolution 1967 AUGUST 18-24 17 Operation Battle of Starlight Long Tan NOVEMBER Ia JANUARY 8-26 Operation Cedar Falls 14- Drang battle 1982 1975 1973 1972 1971 JANUARY 1993 8 North Vietnam MARCH 30-JUNE Easter Offensive, FEBRUARY 8-MARCH Operation 24 Lam Son 7 r JUNE New York Times publishes the "Pentagon Papers" breaks Paris » DECEMBER nth Vietnam Linebacker MAY 10-OCTOBER Operation Linebacker I 23 JANUARY 18-29 f Operation Vietnamese invasion of S S 13 North II Paris 1\ Peace accords signed MARCH 29 NOVEMBER 13 NOVEMBER 1 Peace Accords Dedication of the Vietnam Women's and invades Vietnam Veterans Memorial South Vietnam Memoria dedicated APRIL 30 U.S. troops North Vietnam withdraw from conquers South Vietnam, marking Vietnam. the end of U.S. Vietnam War involvement ends Soston Public LibraryBoston, MA 02116 i \ /r DAYS 0F*TH UNDER 10.000 A HISTORY OF THE VIETNAM WAR A • m CAPUTO . t ^iMT & A ' Byron Preiss Visual Publications, Inc., Rook ATHENEUM BOOKS FOR YOUNG READERS -l * New York London Toronto Sydney --«.* - tor .- Young Re Simon imprint of >N. 58,209 the ' I S. servicemen and Ihildren's Publishing Division 1 Air Force Archives: AP/Wide World Americas mn.- of the their lives in Vietnam PHOTO CREDITS: id< Schuster -women who gave New York 10020 52, 62 (left), 107 p. Photos: pp. 7, 9, 1 1, 34, 37, 39, 42, 44, 46, 47, 63, 68, 69, 71, 73, 79, 81, 89, 91, 93, 97, 98, 100, 101, 102, 104, 105, 106, 110, 111, 112,113, 115, 116, All other materials copyright E 2005 by Byron Preiss Visual © Bettmann/CORBIS: pp. 13, 17, 43, 53, 57, 65, 83, © Hulton-Deutsch/CORBIS: PP 12 and 15 Publications, Inc. John Text copyright 2005 by Philip Caputo ( and 119 and 85 . Kennedy F. and 23 Library: pp. 22 Library of Congress: pp. 48, 78 A Front jacket prime caption: on combined U.S. and South Vietnamese Cong guerrillas against Viet Modern in 1962. page photo caption: U.S. soldier protects South Vietnamese Title' villagers during mission to round up suspected Viet Cong. .1 Lyndon Baines Johnson or in pan in any form. "Die text of this hook National Archives: PP vet in is C ioudy. tit America . 16, 19, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 40, 41, 45, 49, 51, 55, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 (right), 64, 67, 72, 75, 90.. 94, 95, Southeast Asia: p. 114 Naval Institute Archives: pp. 54 Nixon Presidential Materials Staff, National Archives: pp. 79, 96, and 109 Edition Philip Caputo: p. 10 William Robert Hodder: 1098 65 43 21 7 Library of bngress *. ( ataloging-in-Publication Data uto, Philip. lays ot 1st thunder : .1 history of the Vietnam War/ Philip ed. cm. ; I 1. . Vietnamese Vietnam* literature I C 8 (ISBN-13: 978-0-689-86231-1) lonflict, nflict, 1961 1961 L'75— Juvenile 1975 Title. 168 literature. — United States luvenile and 108 National League of Families of American Prisoners and Missing in Manufactured in the United States First whole and 99 Military Records, National Archives: p. 18 76, 77, 80, 82, 86, All rights reserved, including the right of reproduction in Library: pp. 29, 70, 87, p. 88 and 117 TABLE OT CONTENTS Introduction 6 Communism iz Origins of the Vietnam War, Part One: French Colonialism in Vietnam 18 Origins of the Vietnam War, Part Two: The Dividing Agent Orange of Vietnam Origins of the Vietnam War, Part Three: The Reasons Viet The for American Intervention Cong 22 Z4 Advisors' War/MAAG The Tet Offensive Politics of The Modern 74 War 78 Hue and My 8Z Lai "We Gotta Get Outta This Place"— Music of the Vietnam War 84 The Antiwar Movement 86 The 88 Draft Prisoners of War 90 Hamburger Hill 92 Z8 30 Operation Starlite Cavalry: 70 Siege of Z6 The Tonkin Gulf Incidents Khe Sanh The The zi 68 Journalists' Atrocities: Map War The zo of Vietnam 66 The Airmobile War The Secret War: Laos and Cambodia 96 3Z Vietnamization The la Map of la Drang Campaign, October 1965 Drang Campaign 34 America's Allies in Vietnam The Ho Chi Minh Trail and the 36 DMZ Thunder Bombing Campaign The Rolling The Iron Triangle The Riverine 3$ 40 4Z War The Unconventional War: Green 38 44 Berets, Force The Company Commanders' War 48 Generals of the War: Giap and Westmoreland 5-2 Yankee Station $4 War The Corpsmen's War 60 6z The Tunnel War 64 Nurses' of U.S. Military Regions of South The Easter Offensive ioz Vietnam 103 104 The Linebacker Operations 106 The 108 Paris Peace Talks The "Pentagon The Fall of Papers" and Watergate 110 uz Saigon (MIA) 114 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial: The Wall 116 Vietnam After the War lis Glossary izo Bibliography 122 $6 War The Map Missing in Action 46 Villagers' Lam Son Recon, SEALs, and Air Commandos The Operation 98 Vietnam War Index Web Sites IZ4 12$- INTRODUCTION he tions the only war or as c and history lost. combat troops ing the Viet American directly engaged in fight- North Vietnamese Army, \>ng and the making the war twice long as War the as of easier men were I duration o\ the war as they had been in World World War one year (except is War tor Cong ambushers would hide nearby the mine by remote, when the patrol marines who served for thirteen jungle. My platoon (a platoon men) was a unit consisting of about thirty to forty just such an ambush one day in 1965. In my men seconds, nine of I hut served fixed tours of duty of II of their favorite tactics was to set an was a lieutenant in Vietnam. caught in not "in for the 11 like arrived, shoot a brief burst of automatic rifle fire at the on troops than previous conflicts had been for their fathers and au<\ One same time, and then vanish into the some ways, the war was grandfathers. U.S. fighting ghosts. appearing and disappearing night, and detonate Independence (1775-1783). In at then the Viet -Idiers served in Vietnam from 1959 to 1975, S mostly land-mine warfare. They were active in ambush by placing an electronically controlled mine or booby trap on a trail used by American patrols, the South Vietnamese advisors to .1- ambushes and and the most longest in America ever Whether ; was the Ii of bushcraft and hit-and-run tactics, skilled in staging has three dubious distinc- ar unpopular war L- Anm W ietnam \ them gravely, were wounded, of five and we never saw the enemy, never had a chance to shoot back. I served in Vietnam months). Sophisticated medical techniques and hel- with two different marine infantry battalions in icopter evacuations from 1965 and 1966. reduced a soldier's the battlefield greatly chances of dying from his wounds. months kept casualties down. from 175 to 90 they got into trouble, soldiers could count on devastating barrages to help them air strikes get out of war was In other ways, the and artillery much more difficult. Although there were many instances of conventionalsix le the war was mostly an fighting, tional, enemy much conflict guerilla in than While certain others, enemy [he called, fought against an elusive thick jungles, where farther there a tew areas of let it yards Cong, were not as North Vietnamese as combat. My men during that period, and today War Vietnam To make matters even more difficult, the Viet from civilians. A fighter as not. the well as in front of you. Communist guerillas were It was often impossible soldier to tell who was he was shot —and then The to fight at the Vietnam is for Cong an American it would be too made for wasn't until late. tough conditions a tropical country consisting of nigged, mountainous jungle; vast marshes; Anm paddies that turn into swamps during the but they were masters in be a guerilla enemy and who climate and terrain in. as likely to well-armed or well-trained as their allies, — rice-paddy farmer plowing his field any direction. lines; on seldom wore uniforms. They were indistinguishable m than Wall" I Washington, D.C. behind a water buffalo was safer friends carved — Memorial "the difficult to see were no established front .is in was Vietnam were could be behind you \ unconven- wounded in its first four company was whittled down can find the names of 16 of my close the it. of those battalions suffered well over four hundred dead and America's overwhelming superiority in firepower also If One Opposite: U.S. Marines wade ashore at and rice monsoon Da Nang, South Vietnam, on March 18, 1965. — — . During when rains the other nearly every day for six months. fall months six — the season dry iperatures of 100 degrees Fahrenheit are The extreme the enemy. in our one patrol when recall 1 company were taken stroke and heat exhaustion. was an astounding One 1 dozen marines out of action due to heat- The temperature twentieth century — World Wars Vietnam ot boys. Men ot a it who aren't even old enough to or to vote. (In the 1960s, the voting age, As eighteen, was twenty-one.) legally drink which now is a result thousands of marred by their experiences, many for is and therefore a civil war, was it was a military contest. As you it For the years. will read in and the first back two half of the nineteenth cen- last half of the twentieth, it was a colony French Empire. The Vietnamese overthrew the in the French in 1954 bloody conflict, and were after a long, looking forward to becoming a united, independent when nation the politics of the Cold and foreign powers, including War intervened United the States, divided the country into North and South Vietnam. In the eyes of the North Vietnamese and the Viet their battle against the Americans was a con- were given once they from outside influences. For that reason they had the easier by the reception they In contrast to the ceremonial welcomes that active or tacit support of the civilian population them but enough make greeted veterans ot previous wars, soldiers returning from all Vietnam were the United States to prevail in the war. treated with indifference, contempt, sometimes outright hostility. fighting men their leaders. war activists because .is ,i my tor the When threw i the fact moral and military was home on a bagful leave, blamed failures of some of food scraps in my anti- face "high and tight" military haircut marked soldier. 'his ,\,w th.it of army in Vietnam was, me why the United States lost the Americans have a hard time accepting the most powerful nation on Earth, with to for the United mitment States, but for the it nation. an It all-out The American not another was a limited war war of total - com- North Vietnamese and Viet Cong. Their leaders knew that if they could hang enough, the United States would eventually is on long tire what happened. There is of the an old saying in military circles stating that the guerilla fighter doesn't have to win to win; he wins by not losing. General Vo Nguyen Giap, the North Vietnamese Opposite: U.S. Marine helicopters drop troops into a suspected Viet i —not very difficult for in effect, fighting army but almost an entire struggle. In fact that People often ask war. T. I and Americans had become disillusioned with the war that they often tlu- me a tinuation of the struggle for unity and independence came home. ' much as Recovering from those hidden wounds wasn't made am s. my best explained by the nature resistance against foreign conquerors going Cong, life. defeat in the following pages, Vietnam had a history of armed Vietnam veterans were emotionally and psychologically was It tury are better able to and some questionable, but of the war. man was —an army valid mind America's thousand cope with the m re^es and horrors of combat than teenagers some given, and the II, I, was only nineteen more mature age sol- major wars of Korean War -the average age of the fighting twenty-six. In composed mostly of peasants. Many reasons have been political as made Vietnam tough on U.S. other thing mighty economy and large military resources, could not prevail against a small, mainly agricultural nation that day degrees! 7 1 a than casualties their youth. In the three previous diers the more heal could inflict common. its Cong area. with several other American warriors In 1990, along turned novelists and poets, by the Da Union. A Nang chapter of the Vietnamese Writers poet named Ngan Vinh gave a brief speech and then read one of He was Forest." Vietnamese cular build his works, "After the nine inches at five feet Army, and Brigade, !u I author in Vietnam. the mud 1966. defense minister and overall commander Communist forces, gave me an insight egy when met him in Hanoi in 1990. into this stratI'd I tall), I I.S. sic that I and stood only could think Nine times out "Yes, they did," make any In of five feet three inches only a few instances Vietnam forces actually lost a battle in sense. mentioned and aging Giap (he was, by then, in to the diminutive his late seventies in chief of the of ten, they'd he replied, "but when in the clas- in the end it didn't of the trail other words, the United States had won the The war began battalion landed rotated for at home on me on March the port city July 12, 8, ot 1965, in when my Da Nang. 1966, but that the war ended tor me, because wars have on and on meal. was called "Infantry have few He it asked which a is not I was rain spilling into in the had written in Monsoon," and it I in the rain. coincidence to Vinh after the me to read the I I poem, but in recited at his request. We drink together. got to that Da we was close enough. with vodka and said we had to glasses We other, that a and mine Though we determined had never fought each two didn't the same valley southwest of in early 1966. filled I remember more than talking and discovered that his battalion had operated man this with me, nor could lines, of the —astonished me because they were tossed our glasses back, Vinh embraced me and battles but lost the war. —the weight and images of a poem mentioned I Vinh difference." wounded the monsoon of carrying a was about carrying wounded comrades Nang won. It North Vietnamese of the mixed with his shoulders, blood the in the First The words and imagery on at men forty-two to safety after a battle in so like the words Above with a lean, mus- tall, a platoon poem was about his a for Vinh had been commanding 40th Battalion, in the tall and a shock of thick, black hair graying leader like me, 1967. Rain man, striking-looking a temples. During the war, comrade was invited to a dinner I said, "You and me, and that night, June are brothers in arms," was when the Vietnam War ended for and then Philip, we 21, 1990, me. when way of going your mind and your soul long after you've Utt the battlefield. Opposite: After receiving sniper io fire, U.S. Marines set fire to the village of Cam Ne. COMMUNISM QUICK FACTS • Oim if the in »ni< rh.it Marx intended the industrialized is Russia larger) agricultural .1 backward ilitkalh, iii-m. nations. it in the nai nation that --till ced practice system not seen in Westeern .1 £L a to unite workers of Europe since die Middle Ages. Marx never • The The leading, and most powerful, democratic nation was the United States. The most powerful Communist nation was the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly called the USSR, the Soviet Union, or Russia, after the largest nation within the Soviet Union. Democracy, created by the Greeks around 500 ment composed of B.C., a system of govern- is individuals elected to office by the voting population. Union was composed of the Soviet -stoma. Latvia, it defeated. philosophy would take hold. countries Armenia. Azerbaijan, Belorussia, I and the they would he in conflict, both militarily and diplomatically, until one side was imagined that Russia would be the place his political They were democracy and Communism, inevitable that extreme nature of their differences made twentieth century. in the ommunism ( it opposing political philosophies dominated international relations wo Kazakhstan, Georgia, Moldavia, Lithuania, Kirghizia, a, Russia a. Tadjikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, an These elected tors, officials (in members of Congress, and the president and and government policy. opportunity to choose, Uzbekistan. the United States these include governors, sena- Communism Regular elections are held so that the people have an if new people to lead and govern them. 1848, when the educator turned philosoCommunism, and his disciple, Friedrich they so desire, was created in pher Karl Marx, the father of Engels, published vice president) create laws The Communist Manifesto, a forty-page pamphlet that was on the European workMarx and Engels called on the a scathing response to the social injustices inflicted ing class by industrialists. In the Manifesto, working class to revolt against their oppressors. Later in 1867, in his book Das Marx expanded on book became the bible Kapital, Communist theme in detail, and this Communist leaders around the world. Marx's injustices poor. the for goal was to end the social and inequities he saw existing between the very rich and the very Once the Communists had seized control of the government, they would transform their nation into a worker's paradise, in which the rich would have their wealth confiscated and redistributed to the working property class; private would be abolished; everyone would receive "cradle-to-grave" healthcare and social services; and colonialism would end. Also, Communists promised that no one would ever be without a job. Communists claimed that one hundred percent employment was possible under their rule because the gov- ernment, not private individuals, controlled the economy. \K,»r: LeOO bt Milter) Ir, >isk\. .i- ..ml Naval during the earb yean r. Hi iponaibt for .1 < rt Even though many lYnple's (.'ommiss.ir \fl.,ir- in "I the the USSR or more hours industrial workers a day, six to throughout the world labored twelve seven days a week for low pay, Communism was republic "as adng and training the \rnn. Opposite: Karl Marx, the founder of Communism. 12 M" man 1}> * I * slow to establish QUICK FACTS • >. it k ogthc u> eliminate in .mJ the country Stalin • --ins be feared though be had expelled [rotsky iren boa man hunt him down. Trotsky was l>.ul killed Ramon Mercader Jaime del Rio Hernandez, was quickly captured. During Hernandez his confession) piotel | mountaineer's raincoat, took -. such a in it mv said, "I took the out of ice ax] fist, and, closing my my save [Trotsky] a tremendous blow 1 on the head. . . wa\ that •In 1^4^ 1 . The man screamed Though Communist will never forget. leaders of the . . conspiracy ." American Com- overthrow the government. to this dav, formed lived in poverty all of his adult seeing one working hours and higher pay standards. as shorter parties in a variety of countries, life, Communist takeover some of the reforms that died at age sixty-four in 1883 without of any nation. Marx's most successful follower was a Russian, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, who hegan promoting Because of this, death, forcing split revolution of Russia in 1893. aliens seeking entry visas or s tau-s are routinelv asked during the interpr Are you or have you ever memher of the Communist Party?" and "Do vou advocate the overthrow of the been a government.'" A yet answer could be used as grounds tor refusal of a visa or nat uraliration. him the Russian government's secret police marked him into exile Lenin. In 1903, at a schism Communist for a London conference of for name to the alias, Russian Communist exiles, a and into changing his the group into two parts: Bolshevik (Russian for "majority") and Menshevik (Russian the for "minority"). Lenin emerged Bolshevik Party, and Julius Martov was made as the leader of the leader of the Mensheviks. After several years of revolutionary activities in Russia, on Octoher 1917 the Bolsheviks, led by Lenin and Leon Trotsky, seized 25, legislative power and installed Communist government. Lenin then a United States citizenship into the United view who had Marx, in munist Part\ were convicted on charges of To bmmunists wanted, such Mexico Chy on August 21, 1940. His issin, reason for this was that governments in most of the industrialized nations were already instituting C was the One itself. began to ruthlessly establish control over the country. rivals, such as the Mensheviks and anyone government, imprisoned or Communist Communist International activities killed. who He held power in the previous Thousands of people (Comintern) was ordered political 1919 the died. In organized to coordinate throughout the world in order to overthrow capitalist governments. In that year, a many Communist party was formed in the United States, which perceived as a threat to democracy. This formation sparked the first anti-Communist reaction within the country, forcing the Communist Party to go underground. In December 1922 the Lenin died about a year later, on January USSR 21, 1924, was officially formed. and a power struggle between the top Communist leaders began. Joseph Stalin eventually emerged victorious, and Leon Trotsky was forced into exile. Stalin acted swiftly to concentrate Under all his rule power under him, and within Communism and tyrannical than it in the Soviet became a dictator. Union became even more brutal had ever been. The most famous examples of his tyranny Opposite: Trotsky enlisted males Red Army. Here i-f a few years a — — both young and old into the ranks of the group of boys has lined up to await inspection by Trotsky. *-^ * uB 'i. I series ol purges in the 1930s, in were the of the top and senior officers in the bmmunist ( army and many parries in the western all rival political leaders. democracies were never able to control government. Only a Communist revolution in the early 1930s in China, am Mao Tse-tung, by led which Stalin had executed almost Jie-shi, gained any headway, ultimately seizing control in 1949. The States, weak Nationalist government headed by Jiang against the between the Communist Soviet Union and the United hostility Great Britain, France, and other democracies was order to battle a greater, mutual Italy, and Japan during World enemy War set aside in 1941 in —the Axis nations of Nazi Germany, II. In 1945, following the defeat of the Axis, the old suspicions resurfaced. World War II had devastated the Soviet Union. Nazi Germany had invaded the country, killing tens of millions of people destroying countless cities and industries. and fearful of the — civilians and soldiers —and Anxious to prevent another such war atomic bomb, which at that time only the United States possessed, Stalin installed friendly Communist governments in Eastern Europe, creating a "buffer zone" between Western Europe and the Soviet Union. Stalin's actions alarmed the western nations. atomic bomb, doing so might lish it did not want start a third to use it to stop (NATO), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization snipped a Soviet-sponsored 949 the USSR it Communist attempt its first the Soviet aggression because a military alliance of Union formed War It also to seize control of Greece. In atomic bomb. Together with gave aid to Communist North Korea democratic South Korea in the Korean NATO, had the to protect against Soviet attack. successfully exploded Communist China, Communist States world war. In 1949 the United States helped estab- Western European nations designed 1 Even though the United when it attacked (1950-1953). In response to a military alliance with the Communist Warsaw Treaty Organization. Although both the United States and the Soviet Union had nuclear capabilities, this threat did not lead either of them to peacefully settle their differences. Instead it caused them to fight on non-nuclear battlefields in regional conflicts, a series of struggles that came to be called the Cold War. The Korean War was one such conflict. The largest of them was to become Eastern European nations in 1955 called the Afcotw s i I'.iul's c I bun U.ir 1> Men during the bombing of the Vietnam War. II. Opposite: Important political events and parades in the Soviet held in lo Moscow's Red Square. Here, a crowd listens to Union were always Leon Trotsky give a speech.

Author Philip Caputo Isbn 9780689862311 File size 25MB Year 2005 Pages 128 Language English File format PDF Category History Book Description: FacebookTwitterGoogle+TumblrDiggMySpaceShare It was the war that lasted ten thousand days. The war that inspired scores of songs. The war that sparked dozens of riots. And in this stirring chronicle, Pulitzer Prize- winning journalist Philip Caputo writes about our country’s most controversial war — the Vietnam War — for young readers. From the first stirrings of unrest in Vietnam under French colonial rule, to American intervention, to the battle at Hamburger Hill, to the Tet Offensive, to the fall of Saigon, 10,000 Days of Thunder explores the war that changed the lives of a generation of Americans and that still reverberates with us today. Included within 10,000 Days of Thunder are personal anecdotes from soldiers and civilians, as well as profiles and accounts of the actions of many historical luminaries, both American and Vietnamese, involved in the Vietnam War, such as Richard M. Nixon, General William C. Westmoreland, Ho Chi Minh, Joe Galloway, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Lyndon B. Johnson, and General Vo Nguyen Giap. Caputo also explores the rise of Communism in Vietnam, the roles that women played on the battlefield, the antiwar movement at home, the participation of Vietnamese villagers in the war, as well as the far-reaching impact of the war’s aftermath. Caputo’s dynamic narrative is highlighted by stunning photographs and key campaign and battlefield maps, making 10,000 Days of Thunder THE consummate book on the Vietnam War for kids.     Download (25MB) Vietnam At War: The History, 1946-1975 B-57 Canberra Units Of The Vietnam War (osprey Combat Aircraft 85) Never a Dull Moment: A Libertarian Look at the Sixties The Cambodian Campaign during the Vietnam War Inside An Loc : The Battle to Save Saigon, April-May 1972 Load more posts

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